Manuel Hernández

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The heterogeneity of common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) calls for a classification addressing pathogenic mechanisms as well as clinical relevance. This European multicenter trial was initiated to develop a consensus of 2 existing classification schemes based on flowcytometric B-cell phenotyping and the clinical course. The clinical evaluation of 303(More)
We describe 3 siblings with interleukin-12 receptor beta1 (IL-12Rbeta1) deficiency, a known genetic etiology of clinical disease caused by infection with poorly virulent mycobacteria, such as mycobacteria found in bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccines and environmental nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM). One child had disseminated tuberculosis, the second(More)
Visceral leishmaniasis is a severe form of infection caused by a parasite endemic along the Mediterranean coast. Complications such as infection-associated hemophagocytic syndrome can occur despite correct therapy. We report visceral leishmaniasis-associated infection-associated hemophagocytic syndrome in 3 patients with chronic granulomatous disease.
The use of bisphosphonates (BPs) has proven effective in the treatment of bone-related diseases, despite the potential risk of developing osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ). So far, results for the treatment of ONJ have not been satisfactory. In our study, we have treated two patients diagnosed with ONJ. In addition to local treatments a hydrogel was applied,(More)
BACKGROUND Malabsorption syndrome often develops in patients with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID). Why structural damages appear in some CVID patients and not in others is not fully understood. Memory B cells (MBs) are responsible for the production of specific antibodies, and their defects have previously been related to autoimmune, granulomatous,(More)
Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is the most common symptomatic primary immunodeficiency. It can present at any age in patients with a history of recurrent bacterial infections, with or without a family history of other primary immunodeficiencies (PID), and shows a wide range of clinical manifestations and immunological data. Diagnosis is based on(More)
T-cell response to hepatitis B virus (HBV) is vigorous, polyclonal and multi-specific in patients with acute hepatitis who ultimately clear the virus, whereas it is narrow and inefficient in patients with chronic disease, where inappropriate early activation events could account for viral persistence. We investigated the induction of activation receptors(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD), is a major public health problem among the elderly in industrialized countries and a growing problem in developing countries. In Cuba, 14,6% of the population is older than 60 years. The AD prevalence in Cuba lies between 5,13-7,14%. Several studies have shown the relationship between the low nutritional status of B vitamins,(More)
OBJECTIVE Upper GI bleeding (UGIB) is a common medical emergency that leads to a high consumption of medical resources and costs. We aimed to analyze the influence of physician specialty on the costs of nonvariceal UGIB care. METHODS We retrospectively assessed 350 nonvariceal UGIB episodes that were primarily cared for by gastroenterologists (n = 142),(More)
BACKGROUND Family history is one of the most important risk factors for developing colorectal cancer (CRC), and medical organizations recommend CRC screening in this population. However, the use of CRC screening is still low in our country. OBJECTIVE To investigate the use of CRC screening, knowledge about CRC and screening tests, and factors related to(More)