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Mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells are a population of non-conventional T-lymphocytes which are restricted by the MHC-related 1 (MR1) molecule. MR1 is a non-classical member of the MHC class I family of proteins, it is unknown if MR1 presents any kind of antigens to MAIT cells. In the present manuscript we describe that detection of MR1 on the cell(More)
The characterization of a new mAb, named 2F4/11, specific for porcine myelomonocytic cells is described. This mAb immunoprecipitates a non-covalently linked heterodimer of 155,000/95,000, which is expressed by granulocytes, monocytes and tissue macrophages but not by lymphocytes, erythrocytes or platelets. Immunoblot analysis localizes the 2F4/11 epitope on(More)
We have analyzed the production of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) induced by in vitro infection with African swine fever (ASF) virus (ASFV) and the systemic and local release of this inflammatory cytokine upon in vivo infection. An early increase in TNF-alpha mRNA expression was detected in ASFV-infected alveolar macrophages, and high levels of(More)
This report describes the obtention and characterization of two monoclonal antibodies (mAbs), 6E3/7 [mAb 6E3/7 was submitted to the Second International Swine CD Workshop, where it has been assigned to CD45R] and 3C3/9, which recognize the isoform of highest molecular weight of porcine CD45. This conclusion is based on their cell reactivity and tissue(More)
CD1 molecules are specialized in presenting lipidic antigens to T lymphocytes. They are structurally and evolutionary related to MHC molecules and show very limited polymorphism. We have previously described and partially characterized a new human CD1A allele differing from the wild type CD1A by a substitution of Cysteine by Tryptophan at position 52 in the(More)
The mesoporous silicon microparticles (MSMPs) are excellent vehicles for releasing molecules inside the cell. The aim of this work was to use MSMPs to deliver viral specific MHC class I restricted epitopes into human antigen presenting cells (monocyte derived dendritic cells, MDDCs) to facilitate their capture, processing, and presentation to CD8+(More)
Macrophages are widely distributed in most tissues of the body, where they play important roles in host defense and repair of tissue damage. In this report we describe the production and characterization of a panel of six monoclonal antibodies (mAb) against porcine macrophages and their use for phenotyping tissue macrophages. All mAbs were produced by(More)
The cytotoxic activity of NK cells can be inhibited by classical and nonclassical MHC molecules. The CD1 system is formed by a family of glycoproteins that are related to classical MHC. CD1a, b, and c molecules present lipids or glycolipids to T cells and are involved in defense against microbial infections, especially mycobacteria. It has been shown(More)
MHC-related 1 (MR1) molecule is a non-classical member of the MHC class I family of proteins. The sequence homology between classical MHC class I molecules and MR1 is very high, although the MR1 gene is not polymorphic and is highly conserved between species. MR1 is the restriction molecule of a sub-population of T lymphocytes, which are CD4-,CD8- and(More)
We describe in this report the production and characterization of monoclonal antibodies (mAb) to the swine homologues of CD11a and CD18 antigens, and their use for phenotypic and functional analysis of porcine leukocytes. Monoclonal antibodies BL1H8 and BL2F1 precipitated two bands of approximately 170 and 95 kDa, whereas mAb BA3H2 brought down three bands(More)