Manuel F. C. Pereira

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Inhibitory CB(1) cannabinoid receptors and excitatory TRPV(1) vanilloid receptors are abundant in the hippocampus. We tested if two known hybrid endocannabinoid/endovanilloid substances, N-arachidonoyl-dopamine (NADA) and anandamide (AEA), presynapticaly increased or decreased intracellular calcium level ([Ca(2+)](i)) and GABA and(More)
Adenosine and dopamine are two important modulators of glutamatergic neurotransmission in the striatum. However, conflicting reports exist about the role of adenosine and adenosine receptors in the modulation of striatal dopamine release. It has been previously suggested that adenosine A(1) receptors localized in glutamatergic nerve terminals indirectly(More)
Diadenosine polyphosphates are present in synaptic vesicles, are released upon nerve stimulation and possess membrane receptors, namely in presynaptic terminals. However, the role of diadenosine polyphosphates to control neurotransmitter release in the CNS is not known. We now show that diadenosine pentaphosphate (Ap(5)A, 3-100 microM) facilitated in a(More)
A preliminary assessment of the occupational dose to the intervention radiologist received in fluoroscopy computerised tomography (CT) used to guide the collection of lung and bone biopsies is presented. The main aim of this work was to evaluate the capability of the reading system as well as of the available whole-body (WB) and extremity dosemeters used in(More)
At synapses, ATP is released and metabolised through ecto-nucleotidases forming adenosine, which modulates neurotransmitter release through inhibitory A1 or facilitatory A2A receptors, according to the amounts of extracellular adenosine. Neuromuscular junctions possess an ecto-AMP deaminase that can dissociate extracellular ATP catabolism from adenosine(More)
Diadenosine pentaphosphate (Ap(5)A) and ATP stimulate an intracellular free calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)](I)) increase in rat hippocampal synaptosomes via different receptors as demonstrated by the lack of cross-desensitization between Ap(5)A and ATP responses. The ATP response was inhibited by P2 receptor antagonists and not by the dinucleotide receptor(More)
In this paper, the results aimed at assessing the performance of two varieties of LiF detectors (LiF:Mg,Ti and LiF:Mg,Cu,P) in photon fields relatively to reproducibility, detection threshold and angular dependence as defined in the ISO 12794 standard are presented. The fading properties and the limit of detection were also investigated for both materials.(More)
Theories have been put forward on the etiology of sialoliths; however, a comprehensive understanding of their growth mechanisms is lacking. In an attempt to fill this gap, the current study has evaluated the internal architecture and growth patterns of a set of 30 independent specimens of sialoliths characterized at different scales by computed(More)
Neuromuscular transmission is decreased in aged subject. Since endogenous adenosine is a potent neuromodulator at motor nerve endings, either inhibiting via A(1) receptors or facilitating via A(2A) receptors acetylcholine release, we now investigated if the tonic effect of endogenous adenosine was modified at phrenic nerve endings of aged rats. The A(2A)(More)
The hydrometallurgical extraction of metals from spent lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) was investigated. LIBs were first dismantled and a fraction rich in the active material was obtained by physical separation, containing 95% of the initial electrode, 2% of the initial steel and 22% of plastic materials. Several reducers were tested to improve metals(More)