Manuel E Muñóz-Torres

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BACKGROUND Basal insulin therapy does not stop loss of β-cell function, which is the hallmark of type 2 diabetes mellitus, and thus diabetes control inevitably deteriorates. Insulin degludec is a new, ultra-longacting basal insulin. We aimed to assess efficacy and safety of insulin degludec compared with insulin glargine in patients with type 2 diabetes(More)
This randomized, double-masked, placebo-controlled trial evaluated the safety, tolerability and effects on bone mineral density (BMD) of alendronate in a large, multinational population of postmenopausal women with low bone mass. At 153 centers in 34 countries, 1908 otherwise healthy, postmenopausal women with lumbar spine BMD 2 standard deviations or more(More)
CONTEXT Diabetes mellitus is a risk factor for osteoporotic fractures. Sclerostin is an inhibitor of bone formation. However, there are no data about sclerostin levels in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). OBJECTIVES The aims were to evaluate serum sclerostin in T2DM patients and to analyze its relationship with bone metabolism. DESIGN, SETTING, AND(More)
Quantitative ultrasound (QUS) assessment at the calcaneus has been found to be a safe and reliable method for evaluating skeletal status. In this study we have determined the normative QUS data in the Spanish population for the Sahara Clinical Sonometer (Hologic). Broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA), speed of sound (SOS), quantitative ultrasound index(More)
Although only few postmenopausal women exhibit biochemical signs of hypovitaminosis D, vitamin D insufficiency has been shown to have adverse effects on bone metabolism and could be an important risk factor for osteoporosis and fracture. We determined serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D], intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH), bone turnover markers,(More)
OBJECTIVE The effect of hyperthyroidism on osteoporosis risk and its reversal after control of hyperthyroidism remains somewhat controversial. We assessed the values of bone mineral density in hyperthyroid patients and in former hyperthyroid patients euthyroid on medical therapy, as well as the influence of aetiology and menopause upon bone mass. DESIGN(More)
Regulation of osteoclastic activity is critical for understanding bone loss associated with the postmenopausal period. In vitro and animal studies have revealed the role of OPG as a decoy receptor that neutralizes the effect of RANKL on the differentiation and activation of osteoclasts. However, the role of the OPG-RANKL system in postmenopausal(More)
The effect of antiresorptive therapy with nasal calcitonin (CT) in recently diagnosed hyperthyroid patients on conventional medical therapy as well as the evolution of bone metabolism were assessed. Forty-five patients with recent-onset hyperthyroidism (<12 weeks) were sex and menopause stratified and randomly allocated to treatment with carbimazole(More)
There is a growing interest in ultrasound evaluation of bone status as an alternative to the measurement with dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), due to its low cost, portability, and nonionizing radiation. The aim of our study was to investigate the relation among DXA, QUS, clinical, anthropometric, and lifestyle factors, and to determine QUS cutoff values in(More)
Previous studies suggest that low bone mass is a complication of alcoholic liver disease. Nevertheless, little is known about bone mass and bone metabolism in viral cirrhosis. To evaluate the prevalence and magnitude of hepatic osteopenia in these patients, bone remodeling status, and its relationship with the severity of liver disease and serum levels of(More)