Manuel D. Galvan

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Microglial ingestion of the amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta) has been viewed as a therapeutic target in Alzheimer's disease, in that approaches that enhance clearance of Abeta relative to its production are predicted to result in decreased senile plaque formation, a proposed contributor to neuropathology. In vitro, scavenger receptors mediate ingestion of(More)
The innate immune system provides critical protection during initial infections before the generation of an appropriate adaptive (antibody or T cell mediated) immune response. These early defense mechanisms may be particularly critical for neonates in whom the adaptive immune system is not fully operational. Pattern recognition molecules target potential(More)
Complement component C1q is a member of a family of soluble proteins called defense collagens, which are important in host defense and apoptotic cell clearance. Failure to efficiently clear apoptotic cells in the absence of C1q is associated with autoimmunity. Here, we review the literature describing a central role for C1q in the enhancement of phagocyte(More)
Dysregulated stimulation of microglia, the resident macrophages in the brain, can lead to excessive induction of inflammatory agents and subsequently damage to neurons. Fibrillar beta-amyloid peptide (fA beta), a major component of senile plaques in Alzheimer's disease (AD) brain, is known to induce microglial-mediated neurotoxicity under certain(More)
While it has been known for some time that CD93 regulates several processes involved in innate immunity and inflammation including phagocytosis and adhesion, the function of CD93 in disease progression is only now being elucidated. Recent in vivo studies in mice, and genome wide studies in mice and humans, have provided clues about its molecular function.(More)
The failure to clear apoptotic cells is linked to defects in development and autoimmunity. Complement component C1q is required for efficient engulfment of apoptotic cells (efferocytosis), and C1q deficiency leads to the development of lupus. We recently identified a novel molecular mechanism for C1q-dependent efferocytosis in murine macrophages. C1q(More)
Failure to efficiently clear apoptotic cells is linked to defects in development and the onset of autoimmunity. Complement component C1q is required for efficient engulfment of apoptotic cells in mice and humans; however, the molecular mechanisms leading to C1q-dependent engulfment are not fully understood. In this study, we used primary mouse macrophages(More)
CD93 is emerging as a novel regulator of inflammation; however, its molecular function is unknown. CD93 exists as a membrane-associated glycoprotein on the surface of cells involved in the inflammatory cascade, including endothelial and myeloid cells. A soluble form (sCD93) is detectable in blood and is elevated with inflammation. In this study, we(More)
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