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BACKGROUND Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) prevalence estimates are essential for measuring the importance of the problem and the burden of the illness. However, IBS diagnosis is based on clinical criteria which have changed over time. The aim of this study was to assess how the use of different diagnostic criteria influences estimated IBS prevalence and, in(More)
AIM To measure the prevalence of gastro-oesophageal reflux symptoms and to identify associated factors in a representative sample of the Spanish population. METHODS A telephone survey of 2500 subjects was performed using a validated questionnaire. The association of gastro-oesophageal reflux symptoms (defined as the presence of heartburn or acid(More)
Impaired drug metabolism is a major cause of adverse drug reactions, and it is often caused by mutations at genes coding for drug-metabolising enzymes. Two amino-acid polymorphisms of cytochrome P4502C9 (CYP2C9), an enzyme involved in the metabolism of several nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), were studied in 94 individuals with acute bleeding(More)
OBJECTIVES Expression of major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II genes is almost exclusively regulated by the class II transactivator. A promoter polymorphism (-168A/G, rs3087456) in the MHC2TA gene was associated with increased susceptibility to rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis and myocardial infarction in a northern European population.(More)
BACKGROUND The multidrug resistance MDR1 gene codes for a membrane transporter associated with inflammatory bowel disease. The polymorphism Ala893Ser/Thr (G2677T/A) previously showed significant association with Crohn's disease (CD) and the Ile1145Ile (C3435T) with ulcerative colitis (UC). We studied the association of both polymorphisms in an independent(More)
Achalasia, a motor disorder of the esophagus, is accompanied by autoimmune phenomena that could be playing a role in the pathogenesis of the disease. Our objective was to establish the genotypic frequency of the HLA-DR and DQ alleles in patients with achalasia and to establish their relationship with the presence of myenteric antiplexus antibodies in our(More)
BACKGROUND We assessed the prevalence of R702W, G908R, and L1007fs coding mutations in the NOD2/CARD15 gene and the genotype-phenotype relation in Spanish patients with Crohn disease. METHODS A cohort of 204 unrelated patients with Crohn disease and 140 healthy controls were studied. The phenotype was established before commencement of genotyping.(More)
Independent genome-wide association studies highlighted the function of CLEC16A/KIAA0350 polymorphisms modifying the risk to either multiple sclerosis (rs6498169) or type 1 diabetes (rs2903692). This C-type lectin gene maps to a linkage disequilibrium block at 16p13 and a functional role of this gene could be envisaged for other immune-related conditions,(More)
BACKGROUND Disturbed bowel habit, diarrhoea or constipation is a key manifestation of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). In some patients, diarrhoea and constipation alternate, giving rise to the so-called alternating subtype. AIMS To assess IBS subtype breakdown (constipation (C-IBS), diarrhoea (D-IBS) or alternating (A-IBS)) according to the Rome II(More)
INTRODUCTION Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are considered to be cancer susceptibility genes as they play a role in the detoxification of carcinogenic species. This study aimed to elucidate the influence of several GST polymorphisms on colorectal and gastric cancer risk. PATIENTS AND METHODS GST mu1 (GSTM1), theta1 (GSTT1), pi1 (GSTP1), alpha1 (GSTA1)(More)