Manuel Arenaz Silva

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Stress has been shown to have both central and peripheral effects, promoting psychological illness (such as anxiety and depression), as well influencing peripheral disease in the intestine. Stress in humans can exacerbate symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), lowering visceral pain thresholds and decreasing mucosal(More)
Recurrent Crohn's disease originates with small erosions in the follicle-associated epithelium overlying the Peyer's patches. Animal studies have illustrated mucosal immune regulation by dendritic cells located in the subepithelial dome. The aim of this study was to characterize the dendritic cells at this specific site in patients with Crohn's disease.(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are thought to play an important role in the pathogenesis of autoimmune inflammation, including Crohn's disease (CD). We investigated the distribution and state of maturation of DCs in the colon in relation to the severity of inflammation and therapy. Using archival specimens from colonic resections in 19 pediatric patients with CD and(More)
We examined ileal dendritic cell (DC) subpopulations in a rat model of indomethacin-induced enteritis to determine changes in phenotype and distribution associated with increased mucosal permeability during acute and chronic stages of inflammation. Sprague-Dawley rats were treated with indomethacin (7.5 mg/kg subcutaneously, 2 injections 48 h apart).(More)
Crohn's disease (CD) is a chronic gastrointestinal inflammatory disorder considered to be the result of an inappropriate and exaggerated mucosal immune reaction to yet undefined triggers from the gut flora in genetically predisposed individuals. This inflammatory phenomenon has been characterized by an adaptive T-cell response in addition to an abnormal(More)
Airway goblet cell hyperplasia (GCH)—detectable by mucin staining—and abnormal macrophage infiltrate are pathological features present in many chronic respiratory disorders. However, it is unknown if both factors are associated. Using in-vivo and in-vitro models, we investigated whether macrophages are related with GCH and changes in mucin immunophenotypes.(More)
We investigated whether treatment with gliadin induces a paracellular permeability defect that enhances bacterial translocation to mesenteric lymph nodes (MLN) via resident dendritic cells (DC) expressing TLR-2 or 4 in HCD4/HLA-DQ8 transgenic mice. HLA-DQ8 transgenic mice were sensitized and subsequently gavaged with gliadin, in the presence or absence of(More)
The mucosal immune system is overactivated in Crohn disease (CD) and viral infections have been associated with clinical exacerbations. To investigate the potential association between mucosal inflammation and the cytokines involved in the early response to viruses, we analyzed colonic tissue levels of IL-2Rα, interferon-α, and IL-15 in CD. Patients(More)
BACKGROUND Dendritic cell (DC) redistribution during early stages of enteritis may be related to ileal barrier dysfunction. We used a rat model of ileitis to examine this hypothesis. METHODS Sprague-Dawley rats were injected with indomethacin or saline and euthanized 2, 6, 12, or 24 hours later. Ileal segments and mesenteric lymph nodes were obtained for(More)
We investigated myeloid-dendritic cell (DC) marker and Toll-like receptor (TLR)-2 and 4 distributions in ileal samples from Crohn's disease (CD) patients (n = 14) and controls (n = 13). In controls, no TLR-2+ cells were observed, and higher numbers of TLR-4+ and DC-SIGN+ cells (P < 0.01) were detected in ileal samples when compared versus colonic tissues.(More)