An anatomical study about the anterior knee of the intracavernous carotid artery is presented. Twenty cavernous sinuses (CS) were dissected in cadavers using microsurgical techniques. A fibrous ring around the internal carotid artery (ICA) at the CS roof was found in all specimens. This fibrous attachment could be dissected from the surrounding dura and a… (More)
Instabilities play a central role in the physics of foams. Some that change the topology of a dry foam are indicated by the laws promulgated by Plateau in his 1873 book. Their occurrence is less clearly predictable in wet foams. Various other instabilities are related to gravitational loading and gas compressibility. We gather up many examples as a guide to… (More)
A case report of a 63-year-old female patient with a cervical spinal dural diverticulum and intracranial hypotension secondary to a symptomatic CSF leak after minor trauma. The patient responded well after the cervical approach epidural blood patch procedure.
Although usually asymptomatic, a persistent trigeminal artery (PTA) can rarely be associated with a direct fistula to the cavernous sinus (ie, trigemino-cavernous fistula). We present three patients with trigemino-cavernous fistulas; two were subsequently treated using modern endovascular techniques while the third initially declined therapy. We then review… (More)