Learn More
Computational neuroscience combines theory and experiment to shed light on the principles and mechanisms of neural computation. This approach has been highly fruitful in the ongoing effort to understand velocity computation by the primate visual system. This Review describes the success of spatiotemporal-energy models in representing local-velocity(More)
"In vivo Brodmann mapping" or non-invasive cortical parcellation using MRI, especially by measuring cortical myelination, has recently become a popular research topic, though myeloarchitectonic cortical parcellation in humans previously languished in favor of cytoarchitecture. We review recent in vivo myelin mapping studies and discuss some of the different(More)
Aerobic glycolysis (AG; i.e., nonoxidative metabolism of glucose despite the presence of abundant oxygen) accounts for 10%-12% of glucose used by the adult human brain. AG varies regionally in the resting state. Brain AG may support synaptic growth and remodeling; however, data supporting this hypothesis are sparse. Here, we report on investigations on the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Many therapeutic techniques have been used for the treatment of symptomatic vertebral hemangiomas (SVH), and each has its own limitations. Our objective was to evaluate the therapeutic efficacy of alcohol ablation for treating these lesions. METHODS Fourteen patients with SVH were treated by injection of absolute alcohol into the(More)
Hypertrophic pachymeningitis is extremely rare. It is a fibrosing inflammatory process which involves the dura mater, including the tentorium. Numerous pathological entities produce thickening of the pachymeninges, so that idiopathic hypertrophic pachymeningitis is a diagnosis of exclusion. We describe four patients with idiopathic hypertrophic(More)
When blind people touch Braille characters, blood flow increases in visual areas, leading to speculation that visual circuitry assists tactile discrimination in the blind. We tested this hypothesis in a functional magnetic resonance imaging study designed to reveal activation appropriate to the nature of tactile stimulation. In late-blind individuals,(More)
Type I Chiari malformations are congenital deformities involving cerebellar tonsillar herniation downward through the foramen magnum. Structurally, greater than 5 mm of tonsillar descent in adults and more than 6 mm in children is consistent with type I Chiari malformations. However, the radiographic severity of the tonsillar descent does not always(More)
We present a case of traumatic pseudoaneurysm of the middle meningeal artery (demonstrated on CT angiogram) associated with epidural hematoma that spontaneously resolved without treatment. Follow-up CT angiogram and conventional angiogram done 2 weeks later demonstrated complete resolution of the pseudoaneurysm. The literature suggests that these lesions(More)
Postnatal cortical synaptic development is characterized by stages of exuberant growth, pruning, and stabilization during adulthood. How gene expression orchestrates these stages of synaptic development is poorly understood. Here we report that synaptic growth-related gene expression alone does not determine cortical synaptic density changes across the(More)
Intramedullary (subpial) lipomas not associated with spinal dysraphism are very unusual [1]. A confident preoperative diagnosis is usually possible with MRI. We present a case of an isolated cervical intramedullary lipoma with unusual imaging morphology and imaging characteristics (distinctly low-signal on T2-weighted images) on MRI. An explanation for(More)