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Behaviour was studied by real time ultrasound in a group of 80 low risk fetuses between 36 and 42 weeks' gestation. There was close linkage of fetal eye movements, somatic movements and heart rate pattern reflecting three different states. Quiescence (state 1F) was characterised by no eye movements, no somatic movements except for the occasional startle,(More)
Comparisons were made between ultrasound behavioural recordings of 18 healthy term fetuses and recordings of the same variables of the same individuals at 3 to 5 days postnatally. Statistical comparison of the frequency of eye movements, limb and body movements revealed that the fetal states 1F and 2F were comparable to quiet sleep (S1), and rapid eye(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study is to determine whether there is clinical significance to elevated troponin I in patients with suspected acute coronary syndromes (ACS) with non-critical angiographic coronary stenosis. BACKGROUND Elevation of troponin in patients admitted with ACS symptoms with non-critical coronary artery disease (CAD) may result(More)
Most of the movements described during the course of gestation have already emerged before 16 weeks, and the presence of diurnal variation in human fetal behavior has been demonstrated from as early as 20 weeks gestation. Up to 26 weeks quiet intervals rarely exceed 5 min. After this age quiet intervals progressively increase in duration so that behavior(More)
Characteristics of the fetal heart rate (FHR) were studied longitudinally throughout the second and third trimesters in 43 low-risk singleton fetuses. The second trimester was characterized by an FHR pattern showing minimal differences between quiet and active intervals of fetal behavior. Few movements were accompanied by accelerations of small magnitude.(More)
There is controversy regarding the nature of systolic function in patients with elevated filling pressure and preserved left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction. In this study, tissue Doppler variables and 2-dimensional echocardiographic systolic strain (SS) and systolic strain rate (SSr) were measured in patients who underwent cardiac catheterization to(More)
Tissue Doppler indexes of left ventricular (LV) filling pressure are prone to angulation errors and tethering and are less reliable in patients with preserved LV ejection fraction and indeterminate early peak transmitral diastolic flow (E)/mitral early diastolic velocity (Ea) (8 <E/Ea <15). Two-dimensional echocardiographic global longitudinal diastolic(More)
OBJECTIVE To review our experience with laparoscopic ureterolithotomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Since 1993, we have performed laparoscopic ureterolithotomy in 14 patients with ureteric stones. Laparoscopy was carried out in nine patients as a salvage procedure after failed ureteroscopy (six), shock wave lithotripsy (two), or both (one), and in five patients(More)
Serial recording in 45 low risk fetuses throughout the second and third trimesters showed that hiccups were the predominant diaphragmatic movement before 26 weeks' gestational age and that there was a significant negative correlation with gestational age. There was a pronounced reduction between 24 and 26 weeks, which was the result of a decrease in the(More)
OBJECTIVE Our objective was to determine the normal sequence of neurobehavioral development in the human fetus between 14 weeks' gestation and delivery. STUDY DESIGN The study was performed by longitudinal ultrasonographic observation of 45 low-risk singleton fetuses. RESULTS During the first half of the midtrimester there was a high rate of spontaneous(More)