Mantana K. Norman

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The predominantly human sequence, high-affinity anticocaine monoclonal antibody (mAb) 2E2 was cleared slowly from mouse blood by a first-order process with an elimination t(1/2) of 8.1 days. Infused 2E2 also produced a dramatic dose-dependent increase in plasma cocaine concentrations and a concomitant decrease in the brain cocaine concentrations produced by(More)
Competitive dopamine receptor antagonists increase the rate of cocaine self-administration. As the rate of self-administration at a particular unit dose is determined by the satiety threshold and the elimination half-life (t(½)) of cocaine, we investigated whether dopamine receptor antagonists altered these parameters in rats. The plasma cocaine(More)
Competitive dopamine receptor antagonists accelerate psychomotor stimulant self-administration. According to pharmacological theory of competitive antagonism antagonists raise the equiactive agonist concentration. In the self-administration paradigm this is assumed to be the satiety threshold or C(min). The magnitude of the proportional increase in satiety(More)
The intravenous injection of cocaine has been reported to reliably reinstate (prime) the self-administration of cocaine in animals. We report herein that there is a cocaine priming threshold in rats trained to self-administer cocaine. The cocaine priming threshold is defined as the minimum level of cocaine in the body that will reinstate maintained cocaine(More)
The change in frequency of cocaine self-administration as a function of the unit dose is widely assumed to represent a graded pharmacodynamic response. Alternatively, a pharmacological theory states that during maintained self-administration, a quantal response occurs at a minimum maintained cocaine concentration (satiety threshold). Rats self-administered(More)
The current study sought to determine whether prenatal 3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methamphetamine (MDMA) exposure from E14-20 in the rat resulted in behavioral sequelae in adult offspring. Prenatal MDMA exposure results in increased dopaminergic fiber density in the prefrontal cortex, striatum and nucleus accumbens of young rats. Since these areas are critical in(More)
Intermittent administration of cocaine produced a progressive increase in the stereotypy response of rats to a challenge dose of cocaine (7.5 mg/kg, i.p.). Continuous infusion of cocaine (80 mg/kg per day) via osmotic pumps for 7 days into the sensitized rats produced tolerance to the behavioral responses to the challenge dose of cocaine 1 day after the(More)
Rats that self-administered cocaine at unit doses between 0.75 and 12 micromol/kg with mean inter-injection intervals between approximately 2 and 18 min also reliably self-administered the cocaine analogue WIN 35,428 (beta-CFT; (-)-3 beta-(4-fluorophenyl)tropane-2 beta-carboxylic acid methyl ester) at unit doses between 0.1 and 1.6 micromol/kg with mean(More)
The predominantly human sequence anti-cocaine monoclonal antibody (mAb), 2E2, has high affinity and specificity for cocaine and antagonizes cocaine distribution to the brain in mice. To determine whether 2E2 can alter the self-administration of cocaine in rats, both cocaine-induced reinstatement (priming) of self-administration, and the rates of cocaine(More)