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BACKGROUND Heart rate (HR) or mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) may increase in response to incision despite the absence of a motor response. The authors hypothesized that the MAC-BAR (minimum alveolar concentration of an anesthetic that blocks adrenergic response to incision) for isoflurane would exceed that for desflurane, and that fentanyl would(More)
CONTEXT Although concern over the risks of red blood cell transfusion has resulted in several practice guidelines for transfusion, lack of data regarding the physiological effects of anemia in humans has caused uncertainty regarding the blood hemoglobin (Hb) concentration requiring treatment. OBJECTIVE To test the hypothesis that acute isovolemic(More)
BACKGROUND Increases in desflurane and isoflurane concentrations can transiently increase arterial blood pressure or heart rate or both during induction of anesthesia. The current study tested the hypothesis that a rapid increase of desflurane concentration in humans increases sympathetic activity and hormonal variables and heart rate and arterial blood(More)
BACKGROUND The "critical" level of oxygen delivery (DO2) is the value below which DO2 fails to satisfy the metabolic need for oxygen. No prospective data in healthy, conscious humans define this value. The authors reduced DO2 in healthy volunteers in an attempt to determine the critical DO2. METHODS With Institutional Review Board approval and informed(More)
BACKGROUND Controversy exists regarding the lowest blood hemoglobin concentration that can be safely tolerated. The authors studied healthy resting humans to test the hypothesis that acute isovolemic reduction of blood hemoglobin concentration to 5 g/dl would produce an imbalance in myocardial oxygen supply and demand, resulting in myocardial ischemia. (More)
HYPOTHESIS Acute severe isovolemic anemia (to a hemoglobin [Hb] concentration of 50 g/L) does not decrease subcutaneous wound tissue oxygen tension (PsqO(2)). SETTING University hospital operating room and inpatient general clinical research center ward. SUBJECTS Twenty-five healthy, paid volunteers. METHODS Subcutaneous oxygen tension and(More)
We report our experience with 129 cases of double hit lymphoma (DHL), defined as B-cell lymphoma with translocations and/or extra signals involving MYC plus BCL2 and/or BCL6. All cases were reviewed for histopathological classification. Median age was 62 years (range, 18-85), 84% of patients had advanced-stage disease, and 87% had an International(More)
BACKGROUND A rapid increase in the end-tidal concentration of desflurane to greater than 1 MAC transiently increases heart rate, arterial blood pressure, and circulating epinephrine and vasopressin concentrations. We hypothesized that drugs that block sympathetic activity or decrease sympathetic outflow (an opioid, a beta-adrenergic antagonist, and an alpha(More)
BACKGROUND Pupil size is determined by an interaction between the sympathetic and parasympathetic divisions of the autonomic nervous system. Noxious stimulation dilates the pupil in both unanesthetized and anesthetized humans. In the absence of anesthesia, dilation is primarily mediated by the sympathetic nervous system. In contrast, pupillary dilation in(More)
BACKGROUND Large (0.5-1.0 MAC), rapid increases of desflurane to concentrations greater than 5% can transiently increase heart rate, mean arterial blood pressure (MAP), sympathetic nerve activity, and plasma epinephrine concentration. We tested the hypothesis that small (1% = 0.14 MAC), rapid increases of desflurane concentration to greater than 5% do not(More)