Manorama John

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Gestational diabetes is one of the most prevalent medical complications of pregnancy and causes increased fetal wastage. Investigation of placentas from diabetic mothers indicate chronic disturbances in intervillous, circulation, dilatation of capillaries, and a relatively immature villous structure. Abnormal levels of nitric oxide (NO) may contribute to(More)
As background for a serological definition of the unique antigens of chemically induced sarcomas, we have typed a series of fibroblast and sarcoma cell lines of BALB/c and C57BL/6 origin by cytoxicity and absorption tests for murine leukemia virus (MuLV)-related cell surface antigens and known alloantigens. 7 of the 17 cultured lines expressed the range of(More)
Neurons and neuroendocrine cells share a variety of common characteristics. Cell and molecular biological studies in recent years have improved our understanding of physiological and pathophysiological processes such as cellular growth, adhesion, and secretion of neuroendocrine cells. Here we review current findings from the area of basic research and from(More)
Gastropancreatic neuroendocrine cells synthesize large amounts of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). This amino acid neurotransmitter appears to be stored in and released from, vesicles similar to small synaptic vesicles. So far, the function of GABA in gastropancreatic, neuroendocrine cells has not been clarified. Previous work suggested that only pancreatic,(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine cells secrete chemical messengers in a calcium-dependent fashion. So far, other second messenger systems involved in regulated secretion have gained little attention. The aim of this study was to characterize guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP)-mediated vesicular secretion in pancreatic(More)
Somatostatin receptor scintigraphy (SRS) is positive in approximately 75% of all patients with neuroendocrine gastroenteropancreatic tumours. This study aimed to identify specific somatostatin receptor (sstr) subtypes, which are responsible for the in vivo binding of the widely used somatostatin analogue, octreotide in human neuroendocrine(More)
Enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cells regulate gastric acid secretion through vesicular release of histamine. Until now, the molecular machinery of human ECL cells involved in the formation and release of vesicles is largely unknown. We analyzed tissue samples obtained from normal human gastric mucosa (n=4) and ECLomas (n=5) immunohistochemically using the(More)
Using immunocytochemical and biochemical techniques, we have demonstrated that cultured human epidermal keratinocytes contain both urokinase and tissue type plasminogen activators. In subconfluent colonies the distribution of the two enzymes differed. Tissue type plasminogen activator (tPA) was distributed evenly throughout the colony, while, as we have(More)
To explore direct effects of platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) on endothelial cells during angiogenesis in vitro, we have used cloned bovine aortic endothelial cells that spontaneously form cord structures. Recently we have shown that cells forming these endothelial cords express PDGF beta-receptors and that PDGF-BB can contribute to cellular(More)
Similar to neuronal cells, neuroendocrine cells express voltage-dependent ion channels and fire action potentials. Ca2+ influx through voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels couples changes in membrane potential to Ca(2+)-dependent cellular processes, such as hormone release. Using the patch-clamp technique, we studied the spontaneous electrical activity as well(More)