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PURPOSE It is difficult to determine the position of a preferred retinal locus (PRL) relative to the fovea in scanning laser ophthalmoscope (SLO) images as a result of disease-related retinal morphologic changes that obscure the fovea. To overcome this problem, we developed a method for determining retinal foveal position based on normal fixation position(More)
A thorough understanding of molecular mechanisms underlying ripening is the prerequisite for genetic manipulation of fruits for better shelf-life and nutritional quality. Mutation in LeMADS-RIN, a MADS-box gene, leads to non-ripening phenotype of rin fruits in tomato. Characterization of ripening-inhibitor (rin) mutant has elucidated important role of(More)
A method of mapping the retinal location of text during reading is described in which text position is plotted cumulatively on scanning laser ophthalmoscope retinal images. Retinal locations that contain text most often are the brightest in the cumulative plot, and locations that contain text least often are the darkest. In this way, the retinal area that(More)
BACKGROUND An increasing number of mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) studies are being conducted with nonclinical populations, but very little is known about their effectiveness. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy, mechanisms of actions, and moderators of MBSR for nonclinical populations. DATA SOURCES A systematic review of studies published in(More)
The perennial grass, switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.), is a promising bioenergy crop and the target of whole genome sequencing. We constructed two bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) libraries from the AP13 clone of switchgrass to gain insight into the genome structure and organization, initiate functional and comparative genomic studies, and assist with(More)
Control of Gram-negative bacterial infections of plants and animals remains a major challenge because conventional approaches are often not sufficient to eradicate these infections. One major reason for their persistence seems to be the capability of the bacteria to grow within biofilms that protect them from adverse environmental factors. Quorum sensing(More)
In this research work, we have proposed a segmentation technique for words and characters of Devanagari offline handwritten scripts. Due to complex structures and high unevenness in writing styles, recognition of words and characters from the unconstrained scripts has become a burning vicinity of interest for researchers. The proposed Pixel Plot and Trace(More)
In the Indian subcontinent, a number of languages are in use, and an automatic recognition of printed and handwritten scripts facilitates number of applications such as image document sorting and penetrating online libraries of image documents. This framework proposed a bilingual (English and Hindi) character-spotting framework based on feedforward neural(More)
Efficient and cost-effective conversion of plant biomass to usable forms of energy requires a thorough understanding of cell wall biosynthesis, modification and degradation. To elucidate these processes, we assessed the expression dynamics during enzymatic removal and regeneration of rice cell walls in suspension cells over time. In total, 928 genes(More)