Manoj C. Desai

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Cobicistat (3, GS-9350) is a newly discovered, potent, and selective inhibitor of human cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A) enzymes. In contrast to ritonavir, 3 is devoid of anti-HIV activity and is thus more suitable for use in boosting anti-HIV drugs without risking selection of potential drug-resistant HIV variants. Compound 3 shows reduced liability for drug(More)
The HIV protease inhibitor (PI) ritonavir is a potent, mechanism-based inhibitor of cytochrome P450 CYP3A4, an enzyme that is responsible for metabolizing most HIV PIs. Ritonavir is therefore able to enhance the effectiveness of PI treatment by reducing the pill burden, simplifying dosing regimens and improving therapy adherence. Ritonavir coadministration(More)
GS-5806 is a novel, orally bioavailable RSV fusion inhibitor discovered following a lead optimization campaign on a screening hit. The oral absorption properties were optimized by converting to the pyrazolo[1,5-a]-pyrimidine heterocycle, while potency, metabolic, and physicochemical properties were optimized by introducing the para-chloro and(More)
GS-9148 [(5-(6-amino-purin-9-yl)-4-fluoro-2,5-dihydro-furan-2-yloxymethyl)phosphonic acid] 4 is a novel nucleoside phosphonate HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) inhibitor with a unique resistance profile toward N(t)RTI resistance mutations. To effectively deliver 4 and its active phosphorylated metabolite 15 into target cells, a series of amidate prodrugs(More)
Late sodium current (late INa) is enhanced during ischemia by reactive oxygen species (ROS) modifying the Nav 1.5 channel, resulting in incomplete inactivation. Compound 4 (GS-6615, eleclazine) a novel, potent, and selective inhibitor of late INa, is currently in clinical development for treatment of long QT-3 syndrome (LQT-3), hypertrophic cardiomyopathy(More)
Tetrahydroaminoacridine (THA), an acetylcholinesterase inhibitor that is reported to have significant effects on cognition and memory in Alzheimer’s disease patients, binds to rat brain membranes in a saturable and reversible manner. Computer analysis of the binding data revealed high- and low-affinity sites with K d values of 97.8 nM and 4.65 µM and B max(More)
0002-7863/82/1504-6842$01.25/0 the original alcohol substituent. Similar annulations from allylic alcohols via unsymmetrical diallyl ethers are demonstrated by Table I1 entries g-j. The requisite diallyl ethers for photoannulation of 2g-j are readily available by Williamson synthesis from the hydroxy olefin precursors indicated. It is noteworthy that the(More)