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Tuberculosis is a devastating disease throughout the world both in humans and animals. Its history is vast, which dates back to era of Robert Koch. There is a huge amount of immunological studies in the aspect of tuberculosis but there remain many unanswered questions. Neutrophils, cells of First line defence are being neglected in tuberculosis. Macrophages(More)
Malaysians are increasingly finding themselves exposed to disasters especially land slides and flood. However, concern can be raised about citizen's preparedness of disasters, and the extent to which they are consequently prepared, protected and equipped to deal with emergencies that they may encounter. This paper discusses the level of disaster(More)
Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is an emerging clinicopathological entity. Renal involvement is dominated by tubulointerstitial nephritis (TIN) with IgG4-positive plasma cells and fibrosis. IgG4-RD commonly affects middle-aged to elderly men with accompanying extra-renal lesions such as sialadenitis, lymphadenopathy, or type 1 autoimmune(More)
AIM To describe treatment outcomes and complications of selective intra-arterial chemotherapy (IAC) for retinoblastoma (RB) in Indian eyes. MATERIALS AND METHODS Single center, retrospective interventional case series of 6 eyes with RB who underwent IAC using Melphalan (3 mg/5 mg/7.5 mg) and topetecan (1 mg) (n = 4) or melphalan (3 mg/5 mg/7.5 mg) alone(More)
The extensive use of pharmaceuticals in human and veterinary medicine may enter the aquatic environment and pose a serious threat to non-target aquatic organisms like fish. In this study, Indian major carp Cirrhinus mrigala was exposed to different concentrations (1, 10 and 100 μg L−l) of most commonly used pharmaceutical drugs clofibric acid (CA) and(More)
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