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The influence of cytokinins and culture conditions including medium volume, harvest time and elicitation with abiotic elicitors (SA/MeJ) have been studied for the optimal production of biomass and withanolides in the multiple shoot culture of Withania somnifera. Elicitation of shoot inoculum mass (2 g l−l FW) with SA at 100 μM in the presence of 0.6 mg l−l(More)
Withanolide is one of the most extensively exploited steroidal lactones, which are biosynthesized in Withania somnifera. Its production from cell suspension culture was analyzed to defeat limitations coupled with its regular supply from the plant organs. In order to optimize the different factors for sustainable production of withanolides and biomass(More)
Withania somnifera, an important medicinal plant that possesses a variety of bioactive secondary metabolites collectively known as withanolides. Hairy roots with an initial inoculum mass of 5 g FW were elicited separately with methyl jasmonate (MeJ) and salicylic acid (SA) at various concentrations for different exposure times after 30 days of culture.(More)
An efficient, reproducible and genotype-independent in planta transformation has been standardized for sugarcane using seed as explant. Transgenic sugarcane production through Agrobacterium infection followed by in vitro regeneration is a time-consuming process and highly genotype dependent. To obtain more number of transformed sugarcane plants in a(More)
For the first time we have developed a reliable and efficient vacuum infiltration-assisted Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation (VIAAT) protocol for Indian soybean cultivars and recovered fertile transgenic soybean plants through somatic embryogenesis. Immature cotyledons were used as an explant and three Agrobacterium tumefaciens strains (EHA 101,(More)
Salinity and fungal diseases are the two significant constraints limiting soybean productivity. In order to address these problems, we have transformed soybean cv. Pusa 16 via somatic embryogenesis with salinity induced and apoplastically secreted pathogenesis-related tobacco osmotin (Tbosm) gene using Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation.(More)
Withania somnifera is an important medicinal plant, which is used in traditional medicine to cure many diseases. Flavonoids were determined in the extracts of W. somnifera root (WSREt) and leaf (WSLEt). The amounts of total flavonoids found in WSREt and WSLEt were 530 and 520 mg/100 g dry weight (DW), respectively. Hypoglycaemic and hypolipidaemic effects(More)
An efficient Agrobacterium-mediated genetic transformation method has been developed for the medicinal plant Podophyllum hexandrum Royle, an important source of the anticancer agent podophyllotoxin. Highly proliferating embryogenic cells were infected with Agrobacterium tumefaciens harbouring pCAMBIA 2301, which contains npt II and gusA as selection marker(More)
To determine the possibility of generating the Podophyllotoxin accumulation using Podophyllum hexandrum adventitious roots derived from root segments, several nutrient constituents (carbon sources, media strength, initial medium pH, ammonium and nitrate proportion and phosphate ratio) were evaluated in culture. The maximum biomass accumulation was recorded(More)
In vitro culture and genetic transformation of black gram are difficult due to its recalcitrant nature. Establishment of gene transfer procedure is a prerequisite to develop transgenic plants of black gram in a shorter period. Therefore, genetic transformation was performed to optimize the factors influencing transformation efficiency through Agrobacterium(More)