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Analysis of three years of data from a malaria clinic operated by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) in the Government Medical College Hospital in Jabalpur, central India, showed a high malaria prevalence among pregnant women, which was statistically highly significant (P < 0.0001) compared with the situation among nonpregnant women. Cerebral(More)
Malaria presents a diagnostic challenge in most tropical countries. Microscopy remains the gold standard for diagnosing malaria infections in clinical practice and research. However, microscopy is labour intensive, requires significant skills and time, which causes therapeutic delays. The objective of obtaining result quickly from the examination of blood(More)
A total of 2095 patients with fever were tested for malaria and classified according to ABO blood groups. Only 696 cases were malaria positive. While blood group A, B and O were equally susceptible to malaria infection, AB blood group had less number of persons with malaria parasites. A significantly lower frequency of Plasmodium falciparum was observed(More)
Parasitologic and entomologic cross-sectional surveys were carried out during an outbreak of malaria between December 1998 and August 2000 in forest villages near the Mohkhed Primary Health Center in the Chhindwara District of Madhya Pradesh in central India. In December 1998, surveys showed that more than 70% of the fever cases had malaria, with 87% of the(More)
BACKGROUND Azithromycin has demonstrated in vitro and in vivo activity against Plasmodium falciparum, but small treatment studies have given mixed results. METHODS Participants with fever and with both a blood smear and a rapid diagnostic test positive for falciparum malaria were randomly assigned to groups that were treated with either azithromycin or(More)
Past studies in India included only symptomatic pregnant women and thus may have overestimated the proportion of women with malaria. Given the large population at risk, a cross sectional study was conducted in order to better define the burden of malaria in pregnancy in Jharkhand, a malaria-endemic state in central-east India. Cross-sectional surveys at(More)
A study on the clinicoepidemiology of cerebral malaria (CM) and mild malaria (MM) among adults and children attending NSCB medical college hospital Jabalpur and civil hospital Maihar, Satna, in central India was undertaken. Of 1,633 patients, 401 were Plasmodium falciparum and 18 P. vivax. Of 401, 199 CM patients and 112 MM patients were enrolled. Severe(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the impact of intensified malaria control interventions in an ethnic minority community in Betul using existing tools. METHODS Two rounds of indoor residual spraying with synthetic pyrethroid insecticide were applied and larvivorous fish introduced, followed by intensive surveillance for early detection of Plasmodium falciparum with(More)
Malaria presents a diagnostic challenge in tribal belt of central India where two Plasmodium species, Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax, are prevalent. In these areas, rapid detection of the malaria parasites and early treatment of infection remain the most important goals of disease management. Therefore, the usefulness of a new rapid diagnostic(More)
OBJECTIVE During an epidemiological study (January-July 2012) on malaria in forest villages of Central India, Plasmodium malariae-like malaria parasites were observed in blood smears of fever cases. We aimed to confirm the presence of P. malariae using molecular tools i.e. species-specific nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and DNA sequencing. METHODS(More)