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Elucidating the human transcriptional regulatory network is a challenge of the post-genomic era. Technical progress so far is impressive, including detailed understanding of regulatory mechanisms for at least a few genes in multicellular organisms, rapid and precise localization of regulatory regions within extensive regions of DNA by means of cross-species(More)
The effects of mono- and divalent metal ions on the DNA gyrase B subunit, on its 43 kDa and 47 kDa domains, and on two mutants in the Toprim domain (D498A and D500C) were investigated by means of circular dichroism and protein melting experiments. Both types of metal ion, with the notable exception of Mn2+, did not affect the conformational properties of(More)
The binding of plasmid DNA to norfloxacin, a quinolone antibacterial agent, was investigated by fluorescence, electrophoretic DNA unwinding, and affinity chromatography techniques. The amount of quinolone bound to DNA was modulated by the concentration of Mg2+. No interaction was evident in the absence of Mg2+ or in the presence of an excess of Mg2+,(More)
Anthracyclines are among the most widely used anticancer agents. Notwithstanding the large efforts to develop new drugs with a better pharmaceutical profile, daunorubicin, doxorubicin, epirubicin and idarubicin are still the most used in clinical practice. Many efforts are now ongoing to reduce the side effects by using pharmaceutical formulations able to(More)
Chemical agents able to interfere with DNA topoisomerases are widespread in nature, and some of them have outstanding therapeutic efficacy in human cancer and infectious diseases. DNA topoisomerases are essential enzymes that govern DNA topology during fundamental nuclear metabolic processes. Topoisomerase-interfering compounds can be divided into two(More)
DNA Topoisomerase II (Top2) is an essential nuclear enzyme that regulates the topological state of the DNA, and a target of very effective anticancer drugs including anthracycline antibiotics. Even though several aspects of drug activity against Top2 are understood, the drug receptor site is not yet known. Several Top2 mutants have altered drug sensitivity(More)
The cytotoxic activity of mitoxantrone and related anthracenediones has been ascribed to the ability of these compounds to interfere with DNA topoisomerase II function, resulting in DNA cleavage stimulation. The molecular details of enzyme inhibition by these intercalating agents remain to be defined. In an attempt to identify the structural determinants(More)
36 previously treated patients (25 with anthracyclines) with advanced epithelial ovarian cancer have been treated with intraperitoneal (i.p.) mitoxantrone (M) at increasing doses. The response was evaluated through repeated laparoscopy with multiple biopsies and serial measurement of Ovarian Cancer Antigen 125 (CA 125); 11/36 patients had a complete (6(More)
Clerocidin, a diterpenoid with antibacterial and antitumor activity, stimulates in vitro DNA cleavage mediated by mammalian and bacterial topoisomerase (topo) II. Different from the classical topoisomerase poisons, clerocidin-stimulated breaks at guanines immediately preceding the sites of DNA cleavage are not resealed upon heat or salt treatment. To(More)
G-quadruplex ligands have attracted considerable interest as novel anticancer therapeutics due to their capability to interfere with guanosine-rich DNA/RNA sequences, such as telomeres. Elucidation of the structures of telomeric G-quadruplexes has led, in the past few years, to the rational development of effective G-quadruplex-stabilizing small molecules.(More)