Manlio Palumbo

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Elucidating the human transcriptional regulatory network is a challenge of the post-genomic era. Technical progress so far is impressive, including detailed understanding of regulatory mechanisms for at least a few genes in multicellular organisms, rapid and precise localization of regulatory regions within extensive regions of DNA by means of cross-species(More)
Chemical agents able to interfere with DNA topoisomerases are widespread in nature, and some of them have outstanding therapeutic efficacy in human cancer and infectious diseases. DNA topoisomerases are essential enzymes that govern DNA topology during fundamental nuclear metabolic processes. Topoisomerase-interfering compounds can be divided into two(More)
Anthracyclines are among the most widely used anticancer agents. Notwithstanding the large efforts to develop new drugs with a better pharmaceutical profile, daunorubicin, doxorubicin, epirubicin and idarubicin are still the most used in clinical practice. Many efforts are now ongoing to reduce the side effects by using pharmaceutical formulations able to(More)
The catalytic steps through which DNA topoisomerases produce their biological effects and the interference of drug molecules with the enzyme-DNA cleavage complex have been thoroughly investigated both from the biophysical and the biochemical point of view. This provides the basic structural insight on how this family of essential enzymes works in living(More)
Topoisomerases are vital enzymes specialized in controlling DNA topology, in particular supercoiling and decatenation, to properly handle nucleic acid packing and cell dynamics. The type IIA enzymes act by cleaving both strands of a double helix and having another strand from the same or another molecule cross the DNA gate before a re-sealing event(More)
Aptamers are short DNA- or RNA-based oligonucleotides selected from large combinatorial pools of sequences for their capacity to efficiently recognize targets ranging from small molecules to proteins or nucleic acid structures. Like antibodies, they exhibit high specificity and affinity for target binding. As a result, they may display effective(More)
Quinolones represent an important class of broad-spectrum antibacterials, the main structural features of which are a 1,4 dihydro-4-oxo-quinolinyl moiety bearing an essential carboxyl group at position 3. Quinolones inhibit prokaryotic type II topoisomerases, namely DNA gyrase and, in a few cases, topoisomerase IV, through direct binding to the bacterial(More)
We selected a mitoxantrone-resistant HT29 colon carcinoma cell line (HT29/MIT) that exhibited a very high degree of resistance to the selecting agent and marked resistance to topotecan and SN38, but limited resistance to doxorubicin. The development of drug resistance was independent of expression of P-glycoprotein or multidrug resistance-associated protein(More)
Vitamin D3 [1α,25-(OH)(2)D(3)], involved in the regulation of body calcium homeostasis, promotes immature myeloid precursor cells differentiation into monocytes/macrophages. In this study we compared the regulatory interaction between 1α,25-(OH)(2)D(3) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α or lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in the mRNA expression of interleukin(More)
The binding of plasmid DNA to norfloxacin, a quinolone antibacterial agent, was investigated by fluorescence, electrophoretic DNA unwinding, and affinity chromatography techniques. The amount of quinolone bound to DNA was modulated by the concentration of Mg2+. No interaction was evident in the absence of Mg2+ or in the presence of an excess of Mg2+,(More)