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h e n c h r o n i c l ymp h o cy t i c l e u k emi a (c l l) was l as t r ev i ewe d in the Journal, 1 it was considered a homogeneous disease of immature, immune-incompetent, minimally self-renewing B cells, 2 which accumulate relentlessly because of a faulty apoptotic mechanism. 3 In the past decade, these views have been transformed by a wealth of new(More)
B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) is considered an accumulative disease of antigen-naive CD5(+) B lymphocytes that circulate in the resting state. However, to evaluate the possibility that B-CLL cells resemble antigen-experienced and activated B cells, we analyzed the expression of markers of cellular activation and differentiation on(More)
Previous studies suggest that the diversity of the expressed variable (V) region repertoire of the immunoglobulin (Ig)H chain of B-CLL cells is restricted. Although limited examples of marked constraint in the primary structure of the H and L chain V regions exist, the possibility that this level of restriction is a general principle in this disease has not(More)
Studies of B cell antigen receptors (BCRs) expressed by leukemic lymphocytes from patients with B cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) suggest that B lymphocytes with some level of BCR structural restriction become transformed. While analyzing rearranged V(H)DJ(H) and V(L)J(L) genes of 25 non-IgM-producing B-CLL cases, we found five IgG(+) cases that(More)
The cell interactions that take place between Toxoplasma gondii trophozoites and the human immune system have been investigated by using an in vitro model of infection. PBMC were co-cultured with live, appropriately attenuated, trophozoites. When cells from immune (seropositive) donors were used, a proliferative response was observed. At the same time, the(More)
CD26 (dipeptidyl peptidase IV, DPP IV) is widely expressed by T and natural killer (NK) cells, epithelial and endothelial cells of different tissues, and it is strongly upregulated in activated B-cells; moreover it plays a regulatory role in the neoplastic transformation and progression of various types of tumours. CD26 expression was evaluated by means of(More)
Distinct genetic abnormalities, such as TP53 deletion at 17p13.1, have been identified as having adverse prognostic relevance in B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL), and conventional cytogenetic studies have shown that TP53 deletion in B-CLL is mainly associated with the loss of 17p due to complex chromosomal rearrangements. We used an integrative(More)
The phenotypic and functional features of purified large granular lymphocytes (LGL) from ten patients with LGL population expansions and cytopenias are described. The predominant LGL phenotypes were T3+, T8+, Leu-11+/-; however, in two patients, LGL expressed a T3-, Leu-11+ phenotype. Variable combinations of other LGL markers (OKM1, Leu-7), and HLA-DR were(More)
The accumulation of B lymphocyte clones in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and patients with other neurological disorders was investigated using PCR technologies. Oligoclonal B cell accumulations were detected in 10 of 10 MS patients, but only in 3 of 10 of the patients with other neurological disorders. Analyses of(More)