Manley T Huang

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Protein sequences from multiple hepatitis B virus (HBV) isolates were analyzed for the presence of amino acid motifs characteristic of cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) and helper T-lymphocyte (HTL) epitopes with the goal of identifying conserved epitopes suitable for use in a therapeutic vaccine. Specifically, sequences bearing HLA-A1, -A2, -A3, -A24, -B7, and(More)
Murine acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is induced by a defective retrovirus. Sequencing of this defective viral genome revealed a long open reading frame which encodes a putative gag/fusion protein, N-MA-p12-CA-NC-COOH, (D. C. Aziz, Z. Hanna, and P. Jolicoeur, Nature (London) 338:505-508, 1989). We raised a specific antibody to the unique p12 domain of(More)
The murine acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is induced by a defective retrovirus. To study the role of virus replication in this disease, helper-free stocks of defective Duplan virus were produced. These stocks were highly pathogenic in absence of detectable replicating murine leukemia viruses (MuLVs) other than xenotropic MuLV. They induced expansion of(More)
Murine AIDS (MAIDS) is readily induced by the Duplan strain of defective murine leukemia virus in susceptible C57BL/6 mice. To identify mouse strains resistant to MAIDS, and to understand the genetic factors controlling susceptibility to the disease, we screened more than 20 inbred strains of mice for their susceptibility to MAIDS. For this study, mice of(More)
Murine AIDS (MAIDS) is caused by a defective retrovirus which encodes a gag fusion protein (Pr60gag). We previously reported that this virus induced an oligoclonal proliferation of infected cells and suggested that this cell expansion was an important event in the pathogenesis of MAIDS. To identify these target cells, we constructed novel defective viruses(More)
In susceptible mice, the murine AIDS (MAIDS) defective virus can induce marked expansion of its target cells, the majority of which belong to the B-cell lineage. This expansion, which appears to be critical for the development of the immunodeficiency syndrome, is initially polyclonal but becomes oligoclonal late in the disease, suggesting the involvement of(More)
Pr60gag appears to be the only protein encoded by the murine AIDS (MAIDS)-defective virus. To study the role of Pr60gag or some other sequences of the viral genome in the pathogenicity of the virus, we have generated mutants of the defective viral genome. These mutant defective viruses, prepared as helper-free stocks, were inoculated into susceptible(More)
BACKGROUND The extracellular matrix plays an important role in tissue regeneration. We investigated whether extracellular matrix protein fragments could be targeted with antibodies to ischemically injured myocardium to promote angiogenesis and myocardial repair. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Four peptides, 2 derived from fibronectin and 2 derived from(More)
Murine AIDS (MAIDS) is characterized by severe lymphadenopathy and splenomegaly. The proliferation of the infected target B cells is also an important manifestation of the disease (M. Huang, C. Simard, D. G. Kay, and P. Jolicoeur, J. Virol. 65:6562-6571, 1991). The etiologic agent of MAIDS is a defective murine leukemia virus that is deleted of most of its(More)
The infection of cells which belong to the B-cell lineage is thought to be the primary event leading to the phenotypic and functional alterations seen in the murine AIDS (M. Huang, C. Simard, D. Kay, and P. Jolicoeur, J. Virol. 65:6562-6571, 1991). Using in situ hybridization, we studied the time course of the anatomic distribution of the murine(More)