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The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) Gag protein precursor, Pr55Gag, contains at its C-terminal end a proline-rich, 6-kDa domain designated p6. Two functions have been proposed for p6: incorporation of the HIV-1 accessory protein Vpr into virus particles and virus particle production. To characterize the role of p6 in the HIV-1 life cycle and to(More)
The matrix protein of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) has been postulated to serve a variety of functions in the virus life cycle. Previously, we introduced a large number of mutations into the HIV-1 matrix and determined the effects on virus replication. These studies identified domains involved in virus assembly and release and envelope(More)
Protein sequences from multiple hepatitis B virus (HBV) isolates were analyzed for the presence of amino acid motifs characteristic of cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) and helper T-lymphocyte (HTL) epitopes with the goal of identifying conserved epitopes suitable for use in a therapeutic vaccine. Specifically, sequences bearing HLA-A1, -A2, -A3, -A24, -B7, and(More)
The murine acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is induced by a defective retrovirus. To study the role of virus replication in this disease, helper-free stocks of defective Duplan virus were produced. These stocks were highly pathogenic in absence of detectable replicating murine leukemia viruses (MuLVs) other than xenotropic MuLV. They induced expansion of(More)
Murine AIDS (MAIDS) is caused by a defective retrovirus which encodes a gag fusion protein (Pr60gag). We previously reported that this virus induced an oligoclonal proliferation of infected cells and suggested that this cell expansion was an important event in the pathogenesis of MAIDS. To identify these target cells, we constructed novel defective viruses(More)
Murine acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is induced by a defective retrovirus. Sequencing of this defective viral genome revealed a long open reading frame which encodes a putative gag/fusion protein, N-MA-p12-CA-NC-COOH, (D. C. Aziz, Z. Hanna, and P. Jolicoeur, Nature (London) 338:505-508, 1989). We raised a specific antibody to the unique p12 domain of(More)
A temperature-sensitive (ts) human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) reverse transcriptase (RT) mutant was generated by charged-cluster-to-alanine mutagenesis. The mutant virus, containing three charged residues within the RT finger domain changed to alanine (K64A, K66A, and D67A), replicated normally at 34.5 but not 39.5 degrees C. Quantitating virus(More)
Murine AIDS (MAIDS) is readily induced by the Duplan strain of defective murine leukemia virus in susceptible C57BL/6 mice. To identify mouse strains resistant to MAIDS, and to understand the genetic factors controlling susceptibility to the disease, we screened more than 20 inbred strains of mice for their susceptibility to MAIDS. For this study, mice of(More)
The determinants critical for the incorporation of Pr160(gag-pol) into human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) particles were examined by cotransfecting cells with (i) a plasmid expressing wild-type Gag protein and (ii) a series of chimeric Gag-Pol expression plasmids in which individual murine leukemia virus (MLV) Gag regions and subdomains precisely(More)
Murine AIDS (MAIDS) is characterized by severe lymphadenopathy and splenomegaly. The proliferation of the infected target B cells is also an important manifestation of the disease (M. Huang, C. Simard, D. G. Kay, and P. Jolicoeur, J. Virol. 65:6562-6571, 1991). The etiologic agent of MAIDS is a defective murine leukemia virus that is deleted of most of its(More)