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The human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) Gag protein precursor, Pr55Gag, contains at its C-terminal end a proline-rich, 6-kDa domain designated p6. Two functions have been proposed for p6: incorporation of the HIV-1 accessory protein Vpr into virus particles and virus particle production. To characterize the role of p6 in the HIV-1 life cycle and to(More)
Protein sequences from multiple hepatitis B virus (HBV) isolates were analyzed for the presence of amino acid motifs characteristic of cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) and helper T-lymphocyte (HTL) epitopes with the goal of identifying conserved epitopes suitable for use in a therapeutic vaccine. Specifically, sequences bearing HLA-A1, -A2, -A3, -A24, -B7, and(More)
The murine acquired immunodeficiency syndrome is induced by a defective retrovirus. To study the role of virus replication in this disease, helper-free stocks of defective Duplan virus were produced. These stocks were highly pathogenic in absence of detectable replicating murine leukemia viruses (MuLVs) other than xenotropic MuLV. They induced expansion of(More)
BACKGROUND The extracellular matrix plays an important role in tissue regeneration. We investigated whether extracellular matrix protein fragments could be targeted with antibodies to ischemically injured myocardium to promote angiogenesis and myocardial repair. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Four peptides, 2 derived from fibronectin and 2 derived from(More)
In susceptible mice, the murine AIDS (MAIDS) defective virus can induce marked expansion of its target cells, the majority of which belong to the B-cell lineage. This expansion, which appears to be critical for the development of the immunodeficiency syndrome, is initially polyclonal but becomes oligoclonal late in the disease, suggesting the involvement of(More)
Pr60gag appears to be the only protein encoded by the murine AIDS (MAIDS)-defective virus. To study the role of Pr60gag or some other sequences of the viral genome in the pathogenicity of the virus, we have generated mutants of the defective viral genome. These mutant defective viruses, prepared as helper-free stocks, were inoculated into susceptible(More)
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