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The notion of a random graph is formally defined. It deals with both the probabilistic and the structural aspects of relational data. By interpreting an ensemble of attributed graphs as the outcomes of a random graph, we can use its lower order distribution to characterize the ensemble. To reflect the variability of a random graph, Shannon's entropy measure(More)
The current study derived seven descriptors from the pixel matrix of 5401 Chinese characters in the commonly used Ming, Kai, Li, and Hei fonts. A factor analysis was used to reduce the number of descriptors for a validation experiment. The three-factor solution (number of strokes, character height, and character width) explaining 89.54% of the variance was(More)
This paper represents the results of an anthropometric measurement of the isometric muscle strength of Chinese young males in Taiwan aged from 16 to 20 years. The study uses a sample of 120 male students and measures four types of muscle strength: (1) right arm strength in exerting pull, push, adduction, abduction, lift, and press directions with five elbow(More)
The study derived seven descriptors from the pixel matrices of both the uppercase and lowercase forms of the 26 letters in the English alphabet in the regular and italic versions of the most commonly used font, Times New Roman. A factor analysis of the seven descriptors showed that a two-factor solution of letter width and height explained 76.6% of the(More)