Manjula Khubchandani

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Blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is widely used in neuroscience to study brain activity. However, BOLD fMRI does not measure neuronal activity directly but depends on cerebral blood flow (CBF), cerebral blood volume (CBV), and cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO(2)) consumption. Using fMRI, CBV, CBF,(More)
Changes in the activity of the basal forebrain sleep regulating areas were studied noninvasively in conscious rats by employing functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Sleep-wakefulness (S-W) stages were identified with the help of electrophysiological recordings carried out simultaneously. An increase in the signal intensity was observed in the(More)
A stereotaxic restraining assembly was designed and developed for simultaneous electrophysiological recordings and functional MRI (fMRI) data acquisition from a conscious rat. The design of the nonmagnetic stereotaxic apparatus facilitated the restraining of head and body of the unanesthetized conscious animal during MRI experiments. The apparatus was made(More)
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