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Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) data from population studies are sparse. During the 2006 epidemic, 509 clinical cases (43% attack rate) were identified in a village survey (West India); laboratory investigations demonstrated normal blood cell counts, elevated acute-phase reactants [erythrocyte sedimentation rate, C-reactive protein and interleukin-6 (IL-6)] and(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether chloroquine (CQ) is more effective than meloxicam for treating early musculoskeletal pain and arthritis following acute chikungunya (CHIK) virus infection. METHODS During the 2006 CHIK epidemic, 509 rural community cases of acute CHIK virus infection were identified in the district of Sholapur in India. Seventy consenting(More)
OBJECTIVE The WHO-ILAR Community Oriented Program for Control of Rheumatic Diseases (COPCORD) primarily aims to estimate the burden of rheumatic-musculoskeletal symptoms/disorders (RMS). We investigated data on pain and disability, perceptions and beliefs in the first rural community based COPCORD study in India. METHODS A total of 4092 adults were(More)
OBJECTIVE To demonstrate clinical equivalence between two standardized Ayurveda (India) formulations (SGCG and SGC), glucosamine and celecoxib (NSAID). METHODS Ayurvedic formulations (extracts of Tinospora cordifolia, Zingiber officinale, Emblica officinalis, Boswellia serrata), glucosamine sulphate (2 g daily) and celecoxib (200 mg daily) were evaluated(More)
Several drug trials, predominantly of Caucasian patients, have demonstrated the therapeutic role of leflunomide (LEF) in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We report an Indian (Asian) experience from a prospective observational study. Two hundred thirty affording patients with moderately severe active RA (naïve for LEF), mostly failing methotrexate(More)
This paper is based on the most recent primary household level data to obtain Income, expenditure, poverty measures & human development indicators in rural and urban India for 1994-95. Empirical results show wide disparities in levels of living in terms of economic & social indicators in rural & urban India. The comparison of the distribution with similar(More)
BACKGROUND Results of an exploratory trial suggested activity trends of Zingiber officinale-Tinopsora cordifolia (platform combination)-based formulations in the treatment of Osteoarthritis (OA) Knees. These formulations were "platform combination+Withania somnifera+Tribulus terrestris" (formulation B) and "platform combination+Emblica officinale"(More)
Hydroxychloroquine sulfate (HCQS) is a popular disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (DMARD) despite modest efficacy and toxicity. Ayurveda (ancient India medicinal system) physicians treat rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with allegedly safer herbal formulations. We report a head-to-head comparison in an exploratory drug trial. The objective is to compare(More)