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Administering vaccines directly to mucosal surfaces can induce both serum and mucosal immune responses. Mucosal responses may prevent establishment of initial infection at the port of entry and subsequent dissemination to other sites. The sublingual route is attractive for mucosal vaccination, but both a safe, potent adjuvant and a novel formulation are(More)
Cold chain requirements for vaccine storage and distribution are both economic and logistical burdens for immunization programs, especially those in lower-resource settings. Inadvertent exposure of vaccines to both heat and freezing temperatures within such cold chains are frequently occurring problems in both developing and industrialized countries. Here(More)
Thermostable vaccines promise to simplify the logistics of vaccine distribution and expand the immunization coverage. In this study, a pilot-scale spray drying process was developed and used to produce glassy state formulations of a recombinant hepatitis B (HepB) vaccine containing aluminum adjuvant and Neisseria meningitidis A (MenA) protein-polysaccharide(More)
Vaccination is considered the most cost-effective approach to preventing infectious diseases, yet better formulations and delivery methods for efficient distribution and administration of vaccines are needed, especially for low-resource settings. A fast-dissolving tablet (FDT) that could be packaged in a compact stackable blister sheet is a potentially(More)
The immunisation of backyard poultry is critical for maintaining healthy flocks to provide nutrition and income for low-resource farmers worldwide. A vaccine presentation for flocks of less than 50 birds could make it more affordable and accessible, increasing uptake and impact. Fast-dissolving tablets (FDT) of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) vaccine were(More)
Rotavirus infection, which can be prevented by vaccination, is responsible for a high burden of acute gastroenteritis disease in children, especially in low-income countries. An appropriate formulation, packaging, and delivery device for oral rotavirus vaccine has the potential to reduce the manufacturing cost of the vaccine and the logistical impact(More)
Thermoresponsive gels have unique physicochemical properties that may enable more effective mucosal delivery of active compounds. The thermoresponsive gel (TRG) formulation developed by our group for sublingual delivery maintains fluid-like liquid properties at 2 °C-8 °C and forms a gel at the physiological temperature (~37 °C) within a few seconds. Here,(More)
Oral administration of vaccines is simpler and more acceptable than injection via needle and syringe, particularly for infants (Fig. 1) This route is promising for new vaccines in development against enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) and Shigella that cause childhood diarrhea with devastating consequences in low-resource countries. However, vaccine(More)
Stable vaccines with long shelf lives and reduced dependency on the cold chain are ideal for stockpiling and rapid deployment during public emergencies, including pandemics. Spray drying is a low-cost process that has potential to produce vaccines stable at a wide range of temperatures. Our aim was to develop a stable formulation of a recombinant H1N1(More)
Live, whole cell killed and subunit vaccines are being developed for diarrheal diseases caused by V. cholerae, Shigella species, ETEC, and Campylobacter. Some of these vaccines can be administered orally since this route best mimics natural infection. Live vaccines administered orally have to be protected from the harsh acidic gastric environment. Milk and(More)