Manjari Lal

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Administering vaccines directly to mucosal surfaces can induce both serum and mucosal immune responses. Mucosal responses may prevent establishment of initial infection at the port of entry and subsequent dissemination to other sites. The sublingual route is attractive for mucosal vaccination, but both a safe, potent adjuvant and a novel formulation are(More)
Oral administration of vaccines is simpler and more acceptable than injection via needle and syringe, particularly for infants (Fig. 1) This route is promising for new vaccines in development against enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) and Shigella that cause childhood diarrhea with devastating consequences in low-resource countries. However, vaccine(More)
Stable vaccines with long shelf lives and reduced dependency on the cold chain are ideal for stockpiling and rapid deployment during public emergencies, including pandemics. Spray drying is a low-cost process that has potential to produce vaccines stable at a wide range of temperatures. Our aim was to develop a stable formulation of a recombinant H1N1(More)
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