Manjapra R Akilesh

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Digitalis intoxication is a common problem, mainly because of the narrow margin of safety of digoxin. These patients may have concomitant renal failure. In patients who have renal failure and who have been treated with digoxin-Fab, the elimination of the digoxin-Fab complex is significantly delayed, and there is a risk of dissociation of the complex with(More)
In anesthetized rats, unilateral retrotrapezoid nucleus (RTN) lesions markedly decreased baseline phrenic activity and the response to CO2 (E. E. Nattie and A. Li. Respir. Physiol. 97:63-77, 1994). Here we evaluate the effects of such lesions on resting breathing and on the response to hypercapnia and hypoxia in unanesthetized awake rats. We made unilateral(More)
Low risk, premature infants between 30 to 35 weeks post-conceptual age (PCA) residing in an neonatal intensive care unit environment were observed in the home incubator for spontaneous yawning from 2400 to 0500 hr. Videorecordings were analyzed for the behavioral states of quiet sleep (QS), active sleep (AS), wake (W), and drowse (D) in 3-min epochs as well(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if apneic preterm infants currently treated with methylxanthines develop evidence of sleep deprivation from cumulative arousal and motor activational effects. STUDY DESIGN Sleep, wake, arousal and actigraphic movements were monitored in extubated clinically stable premature infants (N=37). Neonates were free of other medications for(More)
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