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BACKGROUND Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) is characterized by chronic nonmalignant lymphoproliferation, accumulation of double-negative T cells, hypergammaglobulinemia G and A, and autoimmune cytopenia. OBJECTIVES Although mostly associated with FAS mutations, different genetic defects leading to impaired apoptosis have been described in(More)
Leukocyte adhesion deficiency (LAD) is an immunodeficiency caused by defects in the adhesion of leukocytes (especially neutrophils) to the blood vessel wall. As a result, patients with LAD suffer from severe bacterial infections and impaired wound healing, accompanied by neutrophilia. In LAD-I, mutations are found in ITGB2, the gene that encodes the β(More)
Although primary immunodeficiency diseases (PIDs) were first reported in India in the 1970s, those diagnoses were based predominantly on clinical presentations-very limited immunological analyses were performed. Therefore, the validity of many early reports of PIDs may be questionable. However, in the last 10-15 years, diagnoses of PIDs have been based on(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are considered to be a source of stem cells in tissue regeneration and therapeutics, due to their ability to undergo proliferation and differentiation. Complications associated with bone marrow-derived MSCs has prompted researchers to explore alternative sources of MSCs. The human umbilical cord is one such source; it is easily(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells play important role in innate immunity against tumors and viral infections. Studies show that lysosome-associated membrane protein-1 (LAMP-1, CD107a) is a marker for degranulation of NK and cytotoxic T cells and its expression is a sensitive marker for the cytotoxic activity determination. The conventional methods of determination(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES Transfusion related human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections have been a major cause for morbidity and mortality in the haemophilic population in the west. The prevalence of these markers of transfusion transmitted viral diseases in severe and moderate haemophilia patients was(More)
Leukocyte adhesion deficiency type I (LAD-I) is a rare, inherited immunodeficiency with defect in the recruitment of leukocyte to the site of inflammation. Patients with severe LAD-I have absent or markedly reduced expression of CD18 and CD11. Here we report clinical profile of 7 cases of LAD-I diagnosed at our center over a period of 3 years. Recurrent(More)
OBJECTIVES To optimize a simple flowcytometric technique for Prenatal diagnosis (PND) for Leukocyte adhesions defect (LAD-I) on cordocentesis sample at 18 wk gestation. METHODS Normal reference ranges for expression of CD18/CD11-integrins in neutrophils and lymphocytes at 18 wk of gestation were established by flowcytometry. PND for LAD-I was then(More)
Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome (ALPS) is a disorder of lymphocyte homeostasis. It is characterized by non-malignant lymphoproliferation autoimmunity mostly directed toward blood cells and increased risk of lymphoma. Majority of patients with ALPS harbor heterozygous germline mutations in the gene for the TNF receptor-family member Fas (CD 95,(More)
BACKGROUND X-linked hyper-IgM (XHIM) is a primary immunodeficiency disorder characterized by recurrent infections, low serum IgG and IgA and normal or elevated IgM. It results from mutations in the CD40 ligand (CD40L) gene. Confirmation of diagnosis with identification of underlying molecular defect is important for the initiation of appropriate therapeutic(More)