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Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an inflammatory rheumatic disease characterized by production of autoantibodies and organ damage. Elevated levels of cytokines have been reported in SLE patients. In this study we have investigated the effect of proinflammatory cytokines (IL-6, TNF-α, and IL-1β) on clinical manifestations in 145 Indian SLE patients. One(More)
In a cohort of 70 systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients diagnosed over 2 years period, 14 patients were found to have confirmed antecedent tuberculosis (20.0%) which was 40 times higher (p < 0.001, 95%CI 36.2–48.6) than the prevalence of tuberculosis in the local population. Demonstration of anti-histone antibodies in similar proportion of SLE(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a prototypical autoimmune disease characterized by production of autoantibodies. Mannose binding lectin (MBL) is an important element of the innate defense system. t0 he present study was undertaken to determine whether variant alleles in MBL2 gene were associated with disease severity in SLE(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES Receptors for the Fc fragment of immunoglobulin G (Fc γ Rs) represent the link between humoral and cellular immune responses. Polymorphisms in Fc γ Rs have been identified as genetic factors influencing susceptibility to various autoimmune diseases. This study was aimed to identify Fc γ R IIB genotypes in Indian systemic lupus(More)
Metabolic programming in utero due to maternal undernutrition is considered to increase the risk of adult diseases in offspring. It is therefore of relevance to investigate how dietary supplementation of specific nutrients can ameliorate the negative effects of maternal malnutrition. We examined the effects of supplementing fish oil or folic acid, both of(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disorder affecting multiple organ systems. It is characterized by the presence of autoantibodies reactive against various self-antigens. Susceptibility to SLE is found to be associated with many major histocompatibility complex (MHC) and non-MHC genes, one of which is APO-1/Fas gene, which is present on(More)
BACKGROUND Detection of anti-nucleosome antibodies (anti-nuc) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) has been well established and it is claimed that their presence is associated with disease activity. AIMS The aim of this study is to evaluate the incidence of anti-nuc antibodies and to correlate them with disease activity and its association(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus with neuropsychiatric involvement (NPSLE) can be diagnosed clinically, but there is no definite serological biomarker established. The objectives of this study were to evaluate the neuropsychiatric involvement in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients and to detect the autoantibodies associated with them. Sixty NPSLE(More)
BACKGROUND An autoimmune cause and related immunological alterations resulting in recurrent spontaneous abortion (RSA) have been suggested in patients with unknown etiology. MATERIALS AND METHODS This study evaluated the autoantibody profile and other immunological parameters among RSA patients and normal pregnant women from Mumbai western India. Fifty(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a prototype autoimmune disease, characterized by immune complex formation and systemic inflammation. Complement components such as C1q and mannose-binding lectin (MBL) play an important role in the clearance of immune complexes. Anti-C1q antibodies are associated with lupus nephritis and reduced levels of the complement(More)