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Residents of the dense urban core neighborhoods of New York City (NYC) have expressed increasing concern about the potential human health impacts of diesel vehicle emissions. We measured concentrations of particulate matter [less than/equal to] 2.5 micro in aerodynamic diameter (PM(2.5)) and diesel exhaust particles (DEP) on sidewalks in Harlem, NYC, and(More)
Primary sensitization to antigens may occur prenatally. We hypothesized that high prenatal exposure to indoor antigens increases the risk for sensitization in newborns in New York City populations with increased risk for asthma. We also investigated whether maternal sensitization is required for in utero sensitization to occur. One hundred sixty-seven(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought individual-level data on diesel exhaust exposure and lung function among adolescents in Harlem as part of a community-driven research agenda. METHODS High school students administered in-person surveys to seventh grade students to ascertain information on demographics, asthma history, and self-reported and maternal smoking.(More)
Regional heterogeneity in cortical cyto- and myeloarchitecture forms the structural basis of mapping of cortical areas in the human brain. In this study, we investigate the potential of diffusion MRI to probe the microstructure of cortical gray matter and its region-specific heterogeneity across cortical areas in the fixed human brain. High angular(More)
Huntington's disease (HD) displays progressive striatal atrophy that occurs long before the onset of clinical motor symptoms. As there is no treatment for the disease once overt symptoms appear, it has been suggested that neuroprotective therapy given during this presymptomatic period might slow progression of the disease. This requires biomarkers that can(More)
Diffusion tensor imaging is gaining increasing importance for anatomical imaging of the developing mouse brain. However, the application of diffusion tensor imaging to mouse brain imaging at microscopic levels is hindered by the limitation on achievable spatial resolution. In this study, fast diffusion tensor microimaging of the mouse brain, based on a(More)
Stereotaxic atlases of the mouse brain are important in neuroscience research for targeting of specific internal brain structures during surgical operations. The effectiveness of stereotaxic surgery depends on accurate mapping of the brain structures relative to landmarks on the skull. During postnatal development in the mouse, rapid growth-related changes(More)
High resolution diffusion tensor images of the mouse brain were acquired using the pulsed gradient spin echo sequence and the oscillating gradient spin echo sequence. The oscillating gradient spin echo tensor images demonstrated frequency-dependent changes in diffusion measurements, including apparent diffusion coefficient and fractional anisotropy, in(More)
Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) is a useful tool for studying anatomy and pathology in the rodent central nervous system (CNS).The unique tissue contrasts provided by DTI are well suited for monitoring disease progression, studying brain development, and characterizing anatomical phenotypes. Recent technical developments have vastly improved the speed and(More)
In this chapter, we introduce modern magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-based mouse brain atlases. Although unable to match the resolution and specificity of their histology-based counterparts, MRI-based mouse brain atlases feature higher anatomical fidelity and can facilitate high-throughput computer-assisted analysis of certain brain phenotypes. This(More)