Manish Kumar Lunia

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BACKGROUND & AIMS Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is associated with a poor prognosis in patients with advanced liver disease. Probiotics alter the intestinal microbiota with non-urease-producing organisms that reduce production of ammonia. We investigated the efficacy of probiotics for the primary prophylaxis of HE. METHODS We conducted a prospective trial(More)
OBJECTIVES Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is associated with poor prognosis in cirrhosis. Drugs used in the treatment of HE are primarily directed at the reduction of the blood ammonia levels. Rifaximin and lactulose have shown to be effective in HE. We evaluated the efficacy and safety of rifaximin plus lactulose vs. lactulose alone for treatment of overt HE.(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is associated with poor prognosis in cirrhosis. Gut-derived nitrogenous substances play a role in pathogenesis of HE. The present study was conducted to assess small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) and prolonged orocecal transit time (OCTT) in cirrhosis and low-grade HE. METHODS In cross-sectional prospective(More)
Jaundice in patients with AIDS can be a result of diverse conditions ranging from opportunistic infections to drug-related hepatotoxicity. With the advent of antiretroviral therapy (ART), the prevalence of AIDS cholangiopathy as a cause of jaundice has decreased; on the other hand, ART-related hepatotoxicity has become one of the commonest causes of(More)
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