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Differences in the clinical pharmacology of the 3 currently available oral phosphodiesterase-5 (PDE5) inhibitors, sildenafil, vardenafil, and tadalafil, are largely determined by their clinical pharmacokinetics as well as their PDE inhibitory activity profile. This review comparatively discusses the major characteristics of the pharmacokinetic profile of(More)
Ebola virus infection of humans is associated with high levels of circulating inflammatory chemokines and cytokines. We demonstrate that direct infection of human PBMC results in the induction of MCP-1, MIP-1alpha, RANTES, and TNF-alpha as early as 24 h p.i. in response to live virus. Monocyte-derived macrophages infected with live Ebola-virus secreted(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the prevalence and pattern of use of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) in patients with essential hypertension. METHOD 521 consecutive patients visiting the Hypertension Clinic at the Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India, over a 6-month period were interviewed. Information was gathered(More)
Trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) is an antibody–drug conjugate comprising trastuzumab and DM1, a microtubule polymerization inhibitor, covalently bound via a stable thioether linker. To characterize the pharmacokinetics (PK) of T-DM1 in patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive metastatic breast cancer, data from four studies(More)
BACKGROUND [corrected] Plumeria acuminata belonging to the family Apocynaceae is commonly known as 'perungalli' in Tamil and is widely distributed throughout the Southern parts of India. In traditional medicinal system different parts of the plant have been mentioned to be useful in a variety of diseases. The plant material is widely used as a purgative,(More)
To develop a population pharmacokinetic model of irinotecan and its major metabolites in children with cancer and to identify covariates that predict variability in disposition. A population pharmacokinetic model was developed using plasma concentration data from 82 patients participating in a multicenter Pediatric Oncology Group (POG) single agent phase II(More)
This retrospective study was done to determine the epidemiological and clinical profile of leprosy patients in a tertiary care centre, Indira Gandhi Medical College, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh, India. In this study, we included patients registered from January 2004 to December 2008 with the urban leprosy clinic of our tertiary care centre. Data regarding(More)
BACKGROUND The use of minimally invasive procedures has revolutionized modern surgery. Only recently has laparoscopy been introduced for use in hepatic surgery. METHODS Patient demographics, tumor characteristics, and outcomes were evaluated for all initial cases of laparoscopic hepatic resection. RESULTS Twenty-one resections were performed in 17(More)
To our knowledge the prevalence of urinary stone disease and concurrent mild to moderate renal insufficiency has never been reported. A review of our last 2,000 urinary stone patients identified 33 (1.65%) with serum creatinine levels of 2.0 mg./dl. or greater at presentation. Chemical composition, location and complexity of the calculi, types of procedures(More)
Trastuzumab emtansine (T-DM1) is a HER2-targeted antibody-drug conjugate in development for treatment of HER2-positive cancers. T-DM1 has been tested as a single agent in a phase I and 2 phase II studies of patients with heavily pretreated metastatic breast cancer (MBC), with the maximum tolerated dose established at 3.6 mg/kg intravenously for every-3-week(More)