Manikantan Syamala Kiran

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Angiogenesis, the process of formation of new blood vessels from pre-existing one, occurs in many physiological and pathological conditions, most of which are underlined by hypoxia and resultant accumulation of lactate. Although lactate is known to induce angiogenesis, the mechanism of its action on endothelial cells (ECs) is not known. The present study(More)
Cyclooxygenases (COX), which catalyze the formation of prostaglandins (PGs), have been implicated in angiogenesis. Adhesion of endothelial cells (ECs) to extracellular matrix (ECM) induces the expression of COX-2 and PG production. The present study was carried out to analyze the influence of the adhesive ECM protein, fibronectin (FN), in modulating COX(More)
Investigations were carried out to understand the molecular basis of the effect of ursolic acid on angiogenesis by analysing its effects on the expression of modulators of angiogenesis by HUVECs in culture. Treatment with ursolic acid increased the expression of adhesion molecules such as E-selectin, CD-31 and I-CAM, upregulated angiogenic growth factors(More)
The mechanism of cell-cell contact dependent regulation of pericellular proteolysis in angiogenesis was examined by studying the expression of MMPs using isolated HUVECs in culture. Zymography, Immunoblot and RT-PCR analysis showed that the production and secretion of matrixmetalloproteinase-2 and matrixmetalloproteinase-9 by HUVECs in culture were high(More)
Interaction of endothelial cells with cell-binding domain of fibronectin through integrin receptors is important in the process of angiogenesis. The present study was designed to examine the role of heparin-binding domain of fibronectin in angiogenesis using human umbilical vein endothelial cells. Attachment of endothelial cells in vitro to heparin-binding(More)
One of the possible mechanisms of the angiogenic effect of laminin (Ln) involves modulation of the biological activity of VEGF by regulating poly ADP ribosylation (PAR). PAR modification of VEGF was found to be related with the changes in NAD(+) associated with a shift in LDH isoenzymes. Further investigations on LDH gene expression in HUVECs suggested that(More)
Curcumin is known to be a potent wound healer. Despite this, studies on curcumin using certain model systems have shown it to be anti-angiogenic. Results of the present investigations suggest that curcumin causes opposing effects on angiogenesis in serum stimulated and unstimulated conditions. The evidence in support of this are: (a) in serum free(More)
Endothelial cell (EC) matrix interaction is critical in angiogenesis. Although matrix components can regulate the process of angiogenesis by acting as a reservoir of various cytokines, it is not clear if extracellular matrix (ECM) can modulate the production and activity of angiogenic cytokines. Investigations were therefore carried out to study the(More)
The molecular mechanism of the angiogenic effect of laminin (Ln) was studied using human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) maintained in culture on Ln-1 substratum. High-pressure liquid chromatography analysis showed that in cells maintained on Ln, the levels of proangiogenic prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) increased and that of antiangiogenic PGD(2)(More)
Alterations in both cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions are associated with the activation of endothelial cells that initiate angiogenesis. Cell-matrix interactions are affected by changes in both cell surface receptors for matrix proteins and the composition of ECM. One of the molecular mechanisms involved in changes in these components is the action of(More)