Manik Chatterjee

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BACKGROUND Heat-shock protein 90 (Hsp90) has a crucial role in both the stabilisation and regulation of various proteins, including those related to radioresistance. Inhibition of Hsp90 may therefore provide a strategy for enhancing the radiosensitivity of tumour cells. This study explores the responses of four tumour cell lines (A549, GaMG, HT 1080 and(More)
The heat shock transcription factor 1 (HSF1) has recently been reported to promote malignant transformation and growth. Here we provide experimental evidence for a role of HSF1 in the pathogenesis of multiple myeloma (MM). Immunohistochemical analyses revealed that HSF1 was overexpressed in half of the investigated MM samples, including virtually all cases(More)
Notch receptors expressed on hematopoietic stem cells interact with their ligands on bone marrow stromal cells and thereby control cell fate decisions and survival. We recently demonstrated that Notch signaling is involved in proliferation and survival of B cell-derived tumor cells of classic Hodgkin disease and described a novel mechanism for the oncogenic(More)
Despite therapeutic advances multiple myeloma remains largely incurable, and novel therapeutic concepts are needed. The Hsp90-chaperone is a reasonable therapeutic target, because it maintains oncogenic signaling of multiple deregulated pathways. However, in contrast to promising preclinical results, only limited clinical efficacy has been achieved through(More)
Mutation of p53 is a rare event in multiple myeloma, but it is unknown if p53 signaling is functional in myeloma cells, and if targeted nongenotoxic activation of the p53 pathway is sufficient to kill tumor cells. Here, we demonstrate that treatment of primary tumor samples with a small-molecule inhibitor of the p53-murine double minute 2 (MDM2) interaction(More)
We as well as others have recently shown that Hsp90 is overexpressed in multiple myeloma (MM) and critically contributes to tumour cell survival. Pharmacologic blockade of Hsp90 has consistently been found to induce MM cell death. However, most data have been obtained with MM cell lines whereas knowledge about the molecular effects of pharmacologic Hsp90(More)
Current knowledge about molecular mechanisms underlying disease progression and drug resistance in multiple myeloma (MM) is still limited. Here, we analyzed the potential pathogenetic role of the Y-box binding protein YB-1 in MM. YB-1 is a member of the cold-shock domain protein superfamily and involved in various cellular functions such as proliferation.(More)
Although the phosphatidylinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt pathway has been reported to contribute to the malignant growth of multiple myeloma (MM), the true relevance of Akt kinases for this disease is still unclear. In particular, functional analyses in primary tumor cells and genetic target validation experiments are missing. Here, we used combined(More)
The interleukin 6/glycoprotein 130/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (IL-6/gp130/STAT3) pathway has been reported to play an important role in the pathogenesis of multiple myeloma (MM) and for survival of MM cells. However, most data concerning the role of IL-6 and IL-6-triggered signaling pathways were obtained from experiments performed(More)
Beta-carotene (BC) has recently been found to possess potent anti-tumour activity in chemically induced rat liver carcinogenesis. In the present study, attempts have been made to understand the basic cytogenetic and molecular mechanism of the anti-tumour effect of BC by monitoring its effect on rat liver chromosomal aberrations (CAs) and DNA chain breaks(More)