Manijeh Shafiee

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A large body of evidence supports the key role of oxidized low-density lipoprotein in atherosclerosis. The aim of this study was to compare the capacity of natural polyphenols (PP) from Vitis vinifera and Olea europea at protecting LDL against oxidation brought about by Cu2+, oxygen-centered radical-generating AAPH, or peroxynitrite-generating SIN-1 in(More)
In order to select a species for drug absorption studies of ester prodrugs and to identify a possible absorption window with low esterase activity and hence increased absorption of the ester prodrug, the esterase activity was investigated in homogenates from various intestinal segments of different species. p-Nitrophenyl acetate and tenofovir disoproxil(More)
Adenosine kinase (AK) catalyzes the phosphorylation of adenosine to AMP with ATP as phosphate donor. Intrinsic fluorescence of bovine liver AK was shown previously to be a sensitive probe to quantify the binding of substrates to the enzyme [Elaloui, A., Divita, G., Maury, G., Imbach, J.-L. & Goody, R. S. (1994) Eur. J Biochem. 221, 839-846]. AK contains two(More)
The in vitro anti-HIV activity, stability, and potential for oral absorption of a phosphotriester derivative of AZT (zidovudine; 3'-azido-2',3'-deoxythymidine) bearing a new esterase-labile S-acyl-2-thioethyl (SATE) group as transient phosphate protection are reported. The biolabile protection is characterized by the presence of a hydroxyl function in the(More)
9-(2-phosphonyomethoxypropyl)adenine (PMPA) and AMD3100 are highly potent and selective antiretroviral agents. Since PMPA is negatively charged and AMD3100 positively charged at physiological pH, their transepithelial transport and their potential for oral drug delivery is very low. In this study, ion pair formation was evaluated as a possible strategy to(More)
Using an approach in line with that of a previous report, we assessed the antioxidant activity of several natural, polyphenol- or tocotrienol-rich mixtures: extracts from Elaesis Guineensis oil (A) and Vitis vinifera (B), a Coffea robusta powder (C), and extracts from Olea europea mill wastewaters (D), Solanum melongena (E), and Lycopersicon esculentum (F).(More)
We have determined the affinity of human deoxycytidine kinase with respect to new fluorescent N-methylanthraniloyl cytidine derivatives or non fluorescent enantiomeric cytidine analogues. New results regarding the enantioselectivity and the mechanism of the enzyme are presented.
The stereoselectivities of recombinant human deoxycytidine kinase (EC 2.7.1.74) (dCK) and of recombinant human cytidine deaminase (EC 3.5.4.5) (CDA) were investigated with respect to a series of cytidine analogs, most of them having the unnatural L-stereochemistry. The enantioselectivity of dCK was always low and generally favored the L-enantiomers in the(More)
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