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BACKGROUND Benign prostatic hyperplasia is commonly treated with alpha-adrenergic-receptor antagonists (alpha-blockers) or 5alpha-reductase inhibitors. The long-term effect of these drugs, singly or combined, on the risk of clinical progression is unknown. METHODS We conducted a long-term, double-blind trial (mean follow-up, 4.5 years) involving 3047 men(More)
UNLABELLED The authors from the Vattikuti Institute in the USA report a prospective comparison of radical prostatectomy and robot-assisted prostatectomy. They found that the robot-assisted procedure was safer, and yielded favourable oncological and functional results. They also present work in association with the Department of Urology in Mansoura into(More)
BACKGROUND The human androgen receptor (AR) contains glutamine (CAG) and glycine (GGC) repeat length polymorphisms. Normal glutamine repeat length affects androgen action, but an effect of normal glycine repeat length has not been studied. METHODS To determine whether glycine/GGC repeat length affects AR function, we constructed AR cDNA expression vectors(More)
CONTEXT Despite the wide diffusion of laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) and robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP), only few studies comparing the results of these techniques with the retropubic radical prostatectomy (RRP) are currently available. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the perioperative, functional, and oncologic results in the(More)
Relapse of prostate cancer after androgen ablation therapy is hormone-refractory, with continued tumor growth being dependent on the androgen receptor (AR). E2F-1, a regulator of cell proliferation and viability, reportedly plays a role in the development of hormone-refractory prostate cancer. Thymoquinone is a component of Nigella sativa, an herb used for(More)
PURPOSE Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy is an advanced surgical procedure requiring technical skill in minimally invasive techniques. Tumors located adjacent to the renal hilum pose an additional challenge. We report a multi-institutional study of robotic partial nephrectomy for renal hilar tumors and describe our results. MATERIALS AND METHODS We(More)
BACKGROUND We recently reported on preclinical and feasibility studies (Innovation, Development, Exploration, Assessment, Long-term study [IDEAL] phase 0-1) of the development of robotic kidney transplantation (RKT) with regional hypothermia. This paper presents the IDEAL phase 2a studies of technique development. OBJECTIVES To describe the technique of(More)
In a previous study we demonstrated that oxalate induced free radical injury can promote calcium oxalate stone formation. In the present study, we tested whether the antioxidants vitamin E, superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase and desferoxamine (DFO) can provide protection against oxalate toxicity in LLC-PK(1) cells. LLC-PK(1) cells were exposed to oxalate(More)
BACKGROUND Although the initial robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) series showed 12-mo potency rates ranging from 70% to 80%, the few available comparative studies did not permit any definitive conclusion about the superiority of this technique when compared with retropubic radical prostatectomy (RRP) and laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP).(More)
PURPOSE The technique of laparoscopic radical prostatectomy is difficult to master and is associated with a steep learning curve. We hypothesized that a structured approach to establishing a laparoscopic prostatectomy program would diminish complications during the learning process and that robotic technology would be useful in learning the operation. (More)