Manhui Pang

Learn More
Receptor activator of NF-kappaB ligand (RANKL) and interferon gamma (IFN-gamma) are critical and opposing mediators of osteoclastogenesis, exerting stimulatory and inhibitory effects, respectively. Cathepsin K (CTSK) is a secreted protease that plays an essential role in osteoclastic bone resorption. We have examined the role of IFN-gamma in the regulation(More)
Cathepsin K (CTSK) is a secreted protease that plays an essential role in osteoclastic bone resorption, and CTSK levels increase with osteoclast differentiation and activation, a process that is controlled by a complex physiological network of hormones and cytokines. A critical regulator of this process is receptor activator of NF-kappaB ligand (RANKL), a(More)
OBJECTIVES In response to injury, aging mediates exaggerated neointimal formation, the pathologic hallmark of obliterative vascular diseases. We assessed the development of neointima in a model of mechanical vascular injury in aging mice (18 months old) and young mice (2 months old). To investigate the mechanisms by which aging affects neointimal formation,(More)
Soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) is the only known receptor for nitric oxide (NO) and is downregulated in aging and hypertension. Little is known about sGC gene transcriptional regulation. In order to characterize the sGC transcriptional system, we cloned and sequenced the 5(') flanking region of mouse sGC alpha(1) gene (AY116663). Structurally, it is a(More)
BACKGROUND Almost half of all transplanted vascularized organ grafts will be lost to transplant arteriosclerosis sometime posttransplantation. Organ shortage for primary transplants and retransplants has led to donor-pool expansion to include elderly donors, knowing that aging per se promotes arteriosclerosis. The current understanding that donor age(More)
The receptor activator of NFkappaB ligand (RANKL) is a critical mediator of osteoclastogenesis and regulates cathepsin K (CTSK) expression, which is essential for normal bone resorption. RANKL acts, in part, via the Ca(2+)/calmodulin/calcineurin signaling pathway, which in turn, activates NFATc1 (nuclear factor of activated T-cells) and downstream gene(More)
BACKGROUND Ventricular unloading decreases cardiac ventricular mass. This loss of ventricular mass can be due to either atrophy (a reversible process) or apoptosis (an irreversible process) of the cardiac myocytes. We investigated the effect of ventricular unloading on atrophy and apoptosis of cardiac myocytes, using working and nonworking transplant heart(More)
AIMS To evaluate the effectiveness of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) therapy in ischemia with or without hyperglycemia. METHODS Japanese White Rabbits were randomly assigned to three groups, group SH, hyperglycemia with sham therapy (n=10); group NE, normoglycemia with autologous EPCs transplantation therapy (n=12); and group HE, hyperglycemia with(More)
Ingestion of excess vitamin A appears to correlate with an increased fracture risk, an outcome that is likely mediated by retinoic acids (RAs); these are vitamin A metabolites that have dramatic effects on skeletal development. We studied the impacts of RA and isoform-specific RA receptor (RAR) agonists (α, β, and γ) on osteoclast formation(More)
Bone is a highly vascularized tissue and efficient bone regeneration requires neovascularization, especially for critical-sized bone defects. We developed a novel hybrid biomaterial comprising nanocalcium sulfate (nCS) and fibrin hydrogel to deliver mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and angiogenic factors, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and(More)