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BACKGROUND Copolymer 1 (Cop-1) is a random synthetic amino acid copolymer, effective in the treatment of the relapsing-remitting form of MS (RRMS). In vitro and in vivo studies suggest that the mechanism of Cop-1 involves its binding to major histocompatibility complex class II molecules as an initial step. OBJECTIVE To assess a possible relationship(More)
Classical swine fever (CSF) is an economically important disease of pigs caused by CSF virus (CSFV) belonging to the genus Pestivirus within the family Flaviviridae. The disease is endemic in many countries including India. A comprehensive study was carried out to assess the type of CSFV circulating in the South Indian state of Kerala. During the period(More)
Small but statistically significant shifts (hysteresis) between the up (increasing tension direction) and down (decreasing tension) pCa/tension relation for several muscle types of the rabbit and rat were found. The largest shift is, at most, 0.093 p units or 60% of that reported for the barnacle muscle. The direction of shift for psoas is opposite to that(More)
The results presented here record the first confirmation of bluetongue virus (BTV) antibody in sheep and goats in Kerala State. A total of 1,010 sera collected from the 14 districts within the state were screened for the presence of group-specific BTV antibodies by dot enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (dot ELISA). Positive samples were obtained from 12 of(More)
In an attempt to verify the possible role of retrovirus in idiopathic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), the sera of 21 ALS patients admitted to the Neurological Unit of the Don Gnocchi Foundation in Milan, Italy, and of 9 ALS patients from Ulm University in Germany have been evaluated for the presence of antibodies to the human T-lymphotropic viruses(More)
Simple manual RTs to lateral visual stimuli were found to be faster in uncrossed than in crossed anatomical conditions. Neither hand nor hemifield effects were found. By contrast significant asymmetries were found in Choice RTs involving both hemispheres, even in uncrossed condition. The field effect was marked when the responding hand was the right but(More)
Avian salmonellosis is an important disease causing serious impediment to the development of poultry industry especially in developing countries of Asia and Africa. Since no "effective" immunoprophylactic measures are available for the disease till date, strict biosecurity is the only alternative to preclude the disease. For formulating the control(More)
We evaluated the isoform composition of heavy and light chains of myosin in single muscle fibers from patients with Duchenne dystrophy, myotonic dystrophy, or polymyositis. In all myopathic muscles, there was an increase in the proportion of intermediate fibers which, by analysis of myosin isoforms, fell into two subpopulations, one that contained both fast(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Biofilms are structural communities of bacterial cells enshrined in a self produced polymeric matrix. The studies on biofilm formation of Pasteurella multocida have become imperative since it is a respiratory pathogen and its biofilm mode could possibly be one of its virulence factors for survival inside a host. The present study(More)
This study was conducted to identify the aetiological agents associated with a particular type of lower leg dermatitis, locally called pododermatitis, among dairy cattle in Kerala. Skin scabs and scrapings were collected aseptically from 82 naturally occurring cases of lower leg dermatitis in cattle and were subjected to direct microscopical examination and(More)