Manfredi Rizzo

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A predominance of small, dense low-density lipoproteins (LDL) has been accepted as an emerging cardiovascular risk factor by the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III. LDL size seems to be an important predictor of cardiovascular events and progression of coronary heart disease and evidences suggests that both quality(More)
OBJECTIVE To quantify the magnitude and pattern of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and nonhigh-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol levels in women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) versus control women. DESIGN Systematic review and meta-analysis of lipid levels in published cross-sectional studies worldwide where PCOS women and controls(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the efficacy and safety of liraglutide versus lixisenatide as add-on to metformin in patients with type 2 diabetes not achieving adequate glycemic control on metformin alone. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS In this 26-week, randomized, parallel-group, open-label trial, 404 patients were randomized 1:1 to liraglutide 1.8 mg or lixisenatide(More)
CONTEXT We undertook this study to estimate the prevalence of the various androgen excess disorders using the new criteria suggested for the diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). SETTING The study was performed at two endocrine departments at the University of Palermo (Palermo, Italy). PATIENTS The records of all patients referred between 1980(More)
In recent years, several studies have used the measurement of carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) as a marker of early atherosclerosis: IMT has been shown to correlate significantly with the presence of coronary artery disease (CAD) and to predict fatal and not fatal cerebro- and cardio-vascular events. These findings highlight the importance of(More)
The objective of the study was to characterize ethnic differences in lipid levels and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) particle size and subclasses in black and white South African women and to explore the associations with insulin sensitivity (S(I)), body composition, and lifestyle factors. Fasting serum lipids and LDL size and subclasses, body composition(More)
Chromanols, which were recently shown to inhibit cAMP-mediated Cl- secretion in colon crypts via a blockade of a cAMP-activated K+ conductance, were analyzed for their effects on distinct cloned K+ channels expressed in Xenopus oocytes. The lead chromanol 293B specifically inhibited I(sK) channels with an IC50 of 7 micromol/l without affecting the delayed(More)
BACKGROUND Recent data have shown that cardiotoxicity represents a potentially important side-effect in patients treated with sunitinib. We reviewed cardiac adverse events in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) who underwent treatment with this agent. PATIENTS AND METHODS The medical records of 175 patients with metastatic RCC treated with(More)
Calbindin D28k has been reported to be involved in the transcellular calcium transport along the rat distal tubule. It has also been shown that chronic metabolic acidosis (CMA) induces significant hypercalciuria. The present study investigated whether CMA affects the mRNA and the protein expression of calbindin D28k along isolated distal tubule (DT) of(More)
Statins are one of the most commonly prescribed drugs in clinical practice. They are usually well tolerated and effectively prevent cardiovascular events. Most adverse effects associated with statin therapy are muscle-related. The recent statement of the European Atherosclerosis Society (EAS) has focused on statin associated muscle symptoms (SAMS), and(More)