Manfred Wiese

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As acute hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is clinically inapparent in most cases, the immunologic correlates of recovery are not well defined. The cellular immune response is thought to contribute to the elimination of HCV-infected cells and a strong HCV-specific T-helper-cell (Th) response is associated with recovery from acute hepatitis C (ref. 2).(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS The natural course of the hepatitis C virus genotype 1b (HCV-1b) infection is still unclear but important for therapeutic decisions. There are few unbiased long-term follow-up studies with known dates of infection. METHODS Between August 1978 and March 1979, 14 HCV-1b contaminated batches of anti-D immunoglobulin had been administered to(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Interleukin-12 (IL-12) governs the Th1-type immune response, affecting the spontaneous and treatment-induced recovery from HCV-infection. We investigated whether the IL12B polymorphisms within the promoter region (4 bp insertion/deletion) and the 3'-UTR (1188-A/C), which have been reported to influence IL-12 synthesis, are associated with(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) forms complex quasispecies populations which consist of a large number of closely related genetic variants. This genetic heterogeneity may cause antigenic variation or drug resistance. We used heteroduplex analysis by temperature gradient gel electrophoresis (TGGE) to characterize genetic variants of HCV. The high resolution of TGGE(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS A single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) upstream of the IL28B gene has been associated with response of patients with chronic hepatitis C to therapy with pegylated interferon and ribavirin and also with spontaneous clearance of acute hepatitis C in a heterogeneous population. We analyzed the association between IL28B and the clinical(More)
From August 1978 until March 1979, 14 batches of anti-D immune globulin contaminated with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 1b (20, 000-480,000 copies/dose) from a single erythrocyte donor had been administered for prophylaxis of rhesus isoimmunization throughout East Germany. All 2,867 women involved had been recalled after January 12, 1979 for repeated(More)
AIM Previous studies suggest that loss of bone mineral density (BMD) frequently occurs in patients with chronic viral liver disease, presenting with histologically proven liver cirrhosis. However, little is known about the occurrence of bone disease in non-cirrhotic patients with chronic hepatitis B or C. Therefore, it was the aim of this study to evaluate(More)
Acute hepatitis A superimposed on chronic liver disease (CLD) has been associated with severe or fulminant hepatitis. An open, multicenter study was performed to compare the safety and immunogenicity of an inactivated hepatitis A vaccine in patients with CLD with that in healthy subjects. A secondary objective was to compare the safety of the hepatitis A(More)
The occurrence of antibodies to hepatitis C virus (HCV) was investigated in 81 patients who developed hepatitis non-A, non-B (HNANB) after parenteral administration of contaminated immunoglobulin to prevent Rh sensitization. Sera from 74 of the 81 patients (89.9%) were anti-HCV positive at either 6-12 months or 9-10 years after administration of(More)
INTRODUCTION Non-invasive assessment of steatosis and fibrosis is of growing relevance in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). 1H-Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) and the ultrasound-based controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) correlate with biopsy proven steatosis, but have not been correlated with each other so far. We therefore performed a(More)