Manfred Roesner

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Inhibitors of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) reverse transcriptase (RT) are widely used in the treatment of HIV infection. Loviride (an alpha-APA derivative) and HBY 097 (a quinoxaline derivative) are two potent non-nucleoside RT inhibitors (NNRTIs) that have been used in human clinical trials. A major problem for existing anti-retroviral therapy is the(More)
The second generation Hoechst-Bayer non-nucleoside inhibitor, HBY 097 (S-4-isopropoxycarbonyl-6-methoxy-3-(methylthiomethyl)-3, 4-dihydroqui noxalin-2(1H)-thione), is an extremely potent inhibitor of HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) and of HIV-1 infection in cell culture. HBY 097 selects for unusual drug-resistance mutations in HIV-1 RT (e.g. Gly190Glu)(More)
The quinoxaline nonnucleoside RT inhibitor (NNRTI) (S)-4-isopropoxycarbonyl-6-methoxy-3-(methylthiomethyl)-3,4- dihydroquinoxaline-2(1H)-thione (HBY 097) was used to select for drug-resistant HIV-1 variants in vitro. The viruses first developed mutations affecting the NNRTI-binding pocket, and five of six strains displayed the RT G190-->E substitution,(More)
HBY 097 [(S)-4-isopropoxycarbonyl-6-methoxy-3-(methylthiomethyl)-3, 4-dihydroquinoxaline-2(1H)-thione] was selected from a series of quinoxalines as a nonnucleoside inhibitor of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) reverse transcriptase (NNRTI). HBY 097 was shown to be a highly potent inhibitor of HIV-1 induced cell killing and HIV-1 replication in a(More)
In vitro resistance of HIV-1 against high levels of HBY 097 ((S)-4-isopropoxycarbonyl-6-methoxy-3-(methylthiomethyl)-3, 4-dihydro-quinoxaline-2(1H)-thione) and other quinoxaline nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) is characterized by a specific amino acid substitution in the reverse transcriptase (RT), Gly 190Glu. This change results in(More)
Replication of zidovudine-resistant human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) strains (containing the 41 Met-->Leu and 215 Thr-->Tyr mutations in reverse transcriptase [RT]) was inhibited to a significantly greater extent by the combination of lamivudine and quinoxaline HBY 097 than by either drug alone or even fully suppressed by concomitant HBY 097 and(More)
S-2720 [6-chloro-3,3-dimethyl-4-(isopropenyloxycarbonyl)-3,4- dihydroquinoxalin-2(1H)-thione], a quinoxaline derivative, was found to be a very potent inhibitor of both human immunodeficiency virus type 1 reverse transcriptase (HIV-1 RT) activity and HIV-1 replication in tissue culture. Like other nonnucleoside RT inhibitors, S-2720 does not affect the(More)
A variety of colchicine, demecolcine, and isocolchicine derivatives were examined for their potency in the lymphocytic leukemia P388 screen in mice, for their toxicity in mice, and for their binding to microtubule protein. A qualitatively direct correlation was found between in vivo potency and toxicity; potency appeared to be less well correlated with(More)
An azidothymidine (AZT)-resistant virus strain (HIV-1/AZT) (containing the 67 Asp --> Asn, 70 Lys --> Arg, 215 Thr --> Phe and 219 Lys --> Gln mutations into its reverse transcriptase) was grown in the combined presence of 2',3'-dideoxy-3'-thiacytidine (3TC, lamivudine) and the nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor(More)
2-((2-Pyridylmethyl)sulfinyl)benzimidazoles, selective inhibitors of the H+/K+-ATPase in the parietal cells of the stomach, have been investigated concerning their chemical behaviour in acidic medium. Protonation of the sulfoxide and subsequent elimination of water forms a sulfenium ion or a chemical equivalent thereof. If no external nucleophiles are(More)