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Numerical analysis of flow phenomena and wall shear stresses in the human carotid artery bifurcation has been carried out using a three-dimensional geometrical model. The primary aim of this study is the detailed discussion of non-Newtonian flow velocity and wall shear stress during the pulse cycle. A comparison of non-Newtonian and Newtonian results is(More)
Flow and stress patterns in human carotid artery bifurcation models, which differ in the bifurcation angle, are analysed numerically under physiologically relevant flow conditions. The governing Navier-Stokes equations describing pulsatile, three-dimensional flow of an incompressible non-Newtonian fluid are approximated using a pressure correction finite(More)
To analyse the pulsatile flow field and the mechanical stresses in a three-dimensional carotid artery bifurcation model, computer simulation is applied. The approximation of the Navier-Stokes equations uses a pressure correction finite element method. Numerical results are presented for axial and secondary flow velocity and wall shear stresses with special(More)
Blood flow is analysed by means of computer simulation in an idealized arterial bifurcation model which is pathologically altered by a saccular aneurysm. The theoretical study of the flow pattern and the paths of fluid particles is carried out under pulsatile Newtonian and non-Newtonian flow conditions. The governing equations are solved numerically with(More)
In this study fluid dynamic variables are analysed numerically in different human carotid artery bifurcation models in order to clarify the geometric factor in carotid bifurcation atherogenesis. The geometric variations describe healthy human carotid bifurcation anatomy and concern the shape of the carotid sinus and the angle between the branches. The flow(More)
Lyophilization is an important and well-established pharmaceutical drying process. Product temperature is the most critical process parameter during lyophilization as it impacts both product quality and process efficiency. Traditionally, thermocouples (TCs) or resistance temperature detectors (RTDs) and recently, manometric temperatures measurements (MTMs)(More)
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