Peaks in more than 5000 spike train correlograms, obtained from monkey striate cortex, were measured. Earlier work had shown qualitatively that there are frequent prominent peaks having widths in a range around 50 ms, and narrower peaks less than about 7 ms wide. Here we demonstrate that the distribution of peak widths shows a dichotomy.
Regression interval mapping and multiple interval mapping are compared with regard to mapping linked quantitative trait loci (QTL) in inbred-line cross experiments. For that purpose, a simulation study was performed using genetic models with two linked QTL. Data were simulated for F(2) populations of different sizes and with all QTL and marker alleles fixed… (More)
It is demonstrated that the use of equivalent sire and animal models to describe the underlying variable of a threshold trait leads to different maximum a posteriori estimators. In the simple example data sets examined in this study, the use of an animal model shrank the maximum a posteriori estimators towards zero compared with the estimators under a sire… (More)
BACKGROUND The somatic cell score (SCS) is implemented in routine sire evaluations in many countries as an indicator trait for udder health. Somatic cell score is highly correlated with clinical mastitis, and in the German Holstein population quantitative trait loci (QTL) for SCS have been repeatedly mapped on Bos taurus autosome 18 (BTA18). In the present… (More)
The estimation of gametic effects via marker-assisted BLUP requires the inverse of the conditional gametic relationship matrix G. Both gametes of each animal can either be identified (distinguished) by markers or by parental origin. By example, it was shown that the conditional gametic relationship matrix is not unique but depends on the mode of gamete… (More)
Methodology for mapping quantitative trait loci (QTL) has focused primarily on treating the QTL as a fixed effect. These methods differ from the usual models of genetic variation that treat genetic effects as random. Computationally expensive methods that allow QTL to be treated as random have been explicitly developed for additive genetic and dominance… (More)
Approaches like multiple interval mapping using a multiple-QTL model for simultaneously mapping QTL can aid the identification of multiple QTL, improve the precision of estimating QTL positions and effects, and are able to identify patterns and individual elements of QTL epistasis. Because of the statistical problems in analytically deriving the standard… (More)
As an alternative to multiple-interval mapping a two-step moment method was recently proposed to map linked multiple quantitative trait loci (QTLs). The advantage of this moment method was supposed to be its simplicity and computational efficiency, especially in detecting closely linked QTLs within a marker bracket, but also in mapping QTLs in different… (More)