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Multiple cell types contribute to the pulmonary barrier including Type I and Type II alveolar epithelium. The objective of this research was to establish and characterize an in vitro model of Type II alveolar epithelium using the A549 human lung adenocarcinoma cell line. A549 cells form confluent monolayers with Type II characteristic morphology and tannic(More)
The reaction between endotoxic lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and the guinea pig complement system was shown to proceed by way of an intermediate complex, LPS-X, which contains at least six guinea pig serum proteins. LPS-X, like [unk] (sheep erythrocytes carrying antibody molecules and [unk] complexes), destroys the C3 molecule by cleavage. On incubation at 37(More)
In the first paper of this series, it was shown that a toxin from the sea anemone Stoichactis helianthus increased the permeability of black lipid membranes due to transmembrane channel formation. In the present study, we have used liposomes to examine the reactivity of the toxin with different phospholipids. Membrane damage was assessed by measuring the(More)
The fifth component of guinea pig complement, with a sedimentation coefficient 7.8S, is cleaved by sensitized sheep erythrocytes treated with the first four components of complement into two fragments with sedimentation coefficients of 7.4S and 1.5S. The smaller fragment, with a molecular weight of about 15,000, possesses chemotactic activity for rabbit(More)
BACKGROUND Multimorbidity has a negative impact on health-related quality of life (HRQL). Previous studies included only a limited number of conditions. In this study, we analyse the impact of a large number of conditions on HRQL in multimorbid patients without preselecting particular diseases. We also explore the effects of these conditions on the specific(More)
Treatment of [3H]arachidonic acid [( 3H]C20:4)-labeled and antibody-sensitized Ehrlich ascites tumor cells with guinea pig or rabbit serum complement (C) released up to about 20 or 25% of the incorporated [3H]C20:4 into the aqueous phase as a consequence of C-induced hydrolysis of cellular phospholipid. The dose-response curve of release of [3H]C20:4 from(More)
Treponema pallida were extracted from rabbit testicular syphilomas and suspended in a special medium in which the organisms remain motile and infectious for several days. On incubation of such suspensions with syphilitic rabbit or human sera and guinea pig complement, the treponemes became non-motile and lost their capacity to infect rabbits. Various(More)