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Two methods are described for estimation of passive cell parameters such as membrane capacitance, membrane conductance and access resistance in tight-seal whole cell recording. Both methods are restricted in their application to cases where the cell under study can be approximated by a simple three-component network with linear properties over some voltage(More)
In mast cells and granulocytes, exocytosis starts with the formation of a fusion pore. It has been suggested that neurotransmitters may be released through such a narrow pore without full fusion. However, owing to the small size of the secretory vesicles containing neurotransmitter, the properties of the fusion pore formed during Ca2+-dependent exocytosis(More)
Exocytosis, the fusion of secretory vesicles with the plasma membrane to allow release of the contents of the vesicles into the extracellular environment, and endocytosis, the internalization of these vesicles to allow another round of secretion, are coupled. It is, however, uncertain whether exocytosis and endocytosis are tightly coupled, such that(More)
Several proteins involved in exocytosis have been identified recently, but it is still completely unclear which molecules perform the fusion event itself. Although in viral fusion the fusion proteins are known, even there the molecular mechanism remains controversial. Investigation of single fusion events by electrophysiological techniques together with(More)
The number of transmitter molecules released in a quantal event can be regulated, and recent studies suggest that the modulation of quantal size is associated with corresponding changes in vesicle volume (Colliver et al., 2000; Pothos et al., 2002). If so, this could occur either by distension of the vesicle membrane or by incorporation and removal of(More)
The roles of nonmuscle myosin II and cortical actin filaments in chromaffin granule exocytosis were studied by confocal fluorescence microscopy, amperometry, and cell-attached capacitance measurements. Fluorescence imaging indicated decreased mobility of granules near the plasma membrane following inhibition of myosin II function with blebbistatin. Slower(More)
It is often assumed that a relatively small set of articulatory features are universally used in language sound systems. This paper presents a study which tests this assumption. The data are x-ray microbeam pellet trajectories during the production of the vowels of American English by five speakers. Speakers were consistent with themselves from one(More)
We characterized the influence of conductance changes on whole-cell patch clamp capacitance measurements with a lock-in amplifier and the limitations of the phase-tracking method by numerical computer simulations, error formulas, and experimental tests. At correct phase setting, the artifacts in the capacitance measurement due to activation of linear(More)
We have investigated the ATP-induced permeabilization of rat peritoneal mast cells using three different techniques: (a) by measuring uptake of fluorescent membrane and DNA marker dyes, (b) by voltage-clamp measurements using the patch-clamp technique, and (c) by measurements of exocytosis in response to entry of Ca2+ and GTP gamma S into permeabilized(More)
SNAP-25 is a Q-SNARE protein mediating exocytosis of neurosecretory vesicles including chromaffin granules. Previous results with a SNAP-25 construct lacking the nine C terminal residues (SNAP-25Δ9) showed changed fusion pore properties (Fang et al., 2008), suggesting a model for fusion pore mechanics that couple C terminal zipping of the SNARE complex to(More)