Manfred Lindau

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In mast cells and granulocytes, exocytosis starts with the formation of a fusion pore. It has been suggested that neurotransmitters may be released through such a narrow pore without full fusion. However, owing to the small size of the secretory vesicles containing neurotransmitter, the properties of the fusion pore formed during Ca2+-dependent exocytosis(More)
Two methods are described for estimation of passive cell parameters such as membrane capacitance, membrane conductance and access resistance in tight-seal whole cell recording. Both methods are restricted in their application to cases where the cell under study can be approximated by a simple three-component network with linear properties over some voltage(More)
Exocytosis, the fusion of secretory vesicles with the plasma membrane to allow release of the contents of the vesicles into the extracellular environment, and endocytosis, the internalization of these vesicles to allow another round of secretion, are coupled. It is, however, uncertain whether exocytosis and endocytosis are tightly coupled, such that(More)
We investigated the noise levels in cell-attached patch capacitance recordings with a lock-in amplifier. The capacitance noise level decreases with increasing sine wave frequency up to 20-40 kHz. With a 20-mV rms sine wave the rms noise level above 8 kHz is <50 aF. With increasing sine wave amplitudes a further reduction down to 14 aF could be achieved.(More)
The ionic conductances in rat basophilic leukemia cells (RBL-2H3) and rat peritoneal mast cells were investigated using the patch-clamp technique. These two cell types were found to have different electrophysiological properties in the resting state. The only significant conductance of RBL-2H3 cells was a K+-selective inward rectifier. The single channel(More)
Alterations in the cytosolic pool directly affect neurotransmitter synthesis and release and are suggested to be key factors in various neurodegenerative disorders. Although this cytosolic pool is the most metabolically active, it is miniscule compared with the amount of vesicular transmitter and has never been quantified separately. Here, we introduce(More)
The number of transmitter molecules released in a quantal event can be regulated, and recent studies suggest that the modulation of quantal size is associated with corresponding changes in vesicle volume (Colliver et al., 2000; Pothos et al., 2002). If so, this could occur either by distension of the vesicle membrane or by incorporation and removal of(More)
We measured capacitance changes in cell attached patches of human neutrophils using a high frequency lock-in method. With this technique the noise level is reduced to 0.025 fF such that capacitance steps of 0.1 fF are clearly detected corresponding to exo- and endocytosis of single 60 nm vesicles. It is thus possible to detect almost all known exocytotic(More)
The roles of nonmuscle myosin II and cortical actin filaments in chromaffin granule exocytosis were studied by confocal fluorescence microscopy, amperometry, and cell-attached capacitance measurements. Fluorescence imaging indicated decreased mobility of granules near the plasma membrane following inhibition of myosin II function with blebbistatin. Slower(More)