Learn More
BACKGROUND P-Glycoprotein is an efflux pump in many epithelial cells with excretory function. It has been demonstrated that rifampin (INN, rifampicin) induces P-glycoprotein, particularly in the gut wall. We therefore hypothesized that rifampin affects pharmacokinetics of the P-glycoprotein substrate talinolol, a beta1-blocker without appreciable metabolic(More)
There are two aspects about the presence of Candida in the human orointestinal tract: (i) it is a part of normal human flora and (ii) it is a risk factor for immunocompromised patients. The orointestinal tract can be considered a reservoir for Candida species, several of which are from the oral cavity, stomach, duodenal juice and faeces. Their germ counts(More)
We analysed the autopsy records of the Greifswald University Institute of Pathology (located in Eastern Germany) in respect of findings of candidosis and aspergillosis from 1994 to 2003. We also present eight immature aborted fetuses and premature infants with a mycosis. In a total of 2027 autopsies we found 164 cases of invasive candidosis and(More)
UNLABELLED Funguria, indirect anti-Candida haemagglutination test (C-IHT) and Candida-specific immunoglobulins C-IgM, C-IgG and C-IgA were investigated under suspicion of systemic candidosis in critically ill patients. A total of 143 urine cultures were studied for Candida from 74 adults and a median count of log 3.0 CFU ml-1 was found. Most isolated(More)
Microecology looks for the relationships between microorganisms and their natural environment in definite sites and their physiological and pathological effects. From birth Candida spp. are often but not always detectable in the human gastrointestinal tract. In cases of reduced defense the tract may be a source of infection to the macroorganism. In healthy(More)
Microecological problems have escalated recently in clinical medicine. We studied the microecology of the upper small bowel. Duodenal flora was examined, displaying microbial growth in 90.8% of the 400 patients examined. The microflora was classified according to germ quality into definite types of colonization. Frequency of microbial colonization is(More)
In an evaluation of 2537 endoscopic investigations of the upper digestive tract, yeast-like fungi were found in cultures from 53 purposive brushings (2.1%) obtained from visible mycotic areas. In 46 cases the esophagus only was affected. In the stomach and surrounding the anastomosis after resection, we found 6 positive results. Once, findings were seen in(More)
Long-term continuous flow culture allows the investigation of dynamic biofilms under microaerophilic or aerobic conditions. We studied the biofilm formation and changes of susceptibility in 30 blood culture isolates (48 experiments) of different Candida species exposed to anidulafungin in 0.16 ml or 7.7 ml flow chambers. The flow rate (F) was adjusted to a(More)
Not later than 1842 medico-mycological investigations began at Greifswald in Germany following the appointment of Wilhelm Baum (1799-1883) to the chair of surgery at the university. This is indicated by some theses as well as by the discovery of the contagious characteristics of pityriasis versicolor by Carl Ferdinand Eichstedt (1816-1892) who found a(More)