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Hydrogen sulfide is a potent toxin of aerobic respiration, but also has physiological functions as a signalling molecule and as a substrate for ATP production. A mitochondrial pathway catalyzing sulfide oxidation to thiosulfate in three consecutive reactions has been identified in rat liver as well as in the body-wall tissue of the lugworm, Arenicola(More)
The acid-base status of extra- and intracellular fluids was studied in relation to the anaerobic energy metabolism in the adductor muscle, mantle, gills, and heart of the marine bivalve Crassostrea gigas after exposure to air for periods of 2, 4, 8, 12, 24, and 48 h. Such exposure was found to cause a significant reduction in the pH in the hemolymph (pH(e))(More)
Oxygen uptake and the mode of energy production in Sipunculus nudus L. were determined at different oxygen levels by means of direct and indirect calorimetry. Oxygen consumption declined linearly with decreasing ambient P Or A similar decrease in heat production was observed down to a Po 2 of 8.66 kPa. At lower oxygen tensions, a discrepancy between aerobic(More)
The modulation of haemocyanin oxygen affinity was studied at 10 degrees C in the blood of the intertidal prawn Palaemon elegans. On increasing the L-lactate concentration in dialysed blood from 0 to 9.1 mM, P50 decreased from 27 to 11 torr at pH 7.8. Undialysed blood exhibited a higher oxygen affinity than dialysed blood with the same lactate concentration(More)
Sulfide oxidation in the lugworm, Arenicola marina (L.), is most likely localized in the mitochondria, which can either produce ATP with sulfide as a substrate or detoxify it via an alternative oxidase. The present study identified selective activators of the energy-conserving and the detoxifying sulfide oxidation pathways respectively. In the presence of(More)
Many aquatic animal species can survive sulfide exposure to some extent through oxidation of the sulfide, which results mainly in thiosulfate. In several species, sulfide oxidation is localized in the mitochondria and is accompanied by ATP synthesis. In addition, blood-based and intracellular compounds can augment sulfide oxidation. The formation of(More)
It has been demonstrated that perfusion of myocardium with glutamic acid or tricarboxylic acid cycle intermediates during hypoxia or ischemia, improves cardiac function, increases ATP levels, and stimulates succinate production. In this study isolated adult rat heart cells were used to investigate the mechanism of anaerobic succinate formation and examine(More)
Oxygen consumption, anaerobic metabolism, and oxygen supply of inner tissues were analysed in Sipunculus nudus at different oxygen tensions. Oxygen consumption, energy expenditure, and the PO2 in the coelomic fluid decreased linearly with declining ambient PO2. Below a certain range of PO2, which was a function of the size of the animals, the rate of oxygen(More)
The complete complementary DNA sequences of genes presumably coding for opine dehydrogenases from Arabella iricolor (sandworm), Haliotis discus hannai (abalone), and Patinopecten yessoensis (scallop) were determined, and partial cDNA sequences were derived for Meretrix lusoria (Japanese hard clam) and Spisula sachalinensis (Sakhalin surf clam). The primers(More)