Manfred Köhler

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The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that circulating red blood cells (RBCs) release adenosine deaminase (ADA) when injured. This hypothesis was evaluated in rats using dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) to damage RBCs. Boluses and infusions of DMSO caused a reduction in urinary adenosine and a concomitant hemoglobinuria, and the ability of DMSO to(More)
Patients who receive bone marrow transplants from unrelated donors have a high incidence of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). If the donor marrow is first T cell-depleted, the everity of GVHD declines but the risk of rejection rises. In an attempt to prevent both graft rejection and GVHD, we included an anti-T cell antibody-toxin conjugate (CD-5-Ricin;(More)
Between October 1995 and October 1998, 24 children aged 9 months to 17 years (median 11 years) underwent cytokine-mobilized allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) transplantation for treatment of hematological disorders. All of the transplants were the first allogeneic transplant for the recipient. Twenty patients were transplanted for hematological(More)
Cell activation antigen expression, because it is related to cell proliferation, may offer useful information about tumor characteristics and treatment outcome. To assess the clinical utility of assays for the plasmocyte activation antigen CD38 (T10) and the thymocyte activation antigen CD71 (transferrin receptor; T9) in childhood acute lymphoblastic(More)
After achieving remission, approximately one-third of patients with T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) relapse due to the resurgence of residual leukemic cells that cannot be detected in remission by morphologic methods. Thus, the early detection of residual disease is highly desirable to monitor the efficacy of therapy, or to institute an(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe several emerging concepts regarding the biosynthesis, metabolism and biological roles of adenosine and to illustrate the possible significance of these ideas to vascular biology by proposing a hypothesis pertaining to the role of erythrocyte-derived adenosine deaminase in vaso-occlusive diseases associated with damaged erythrocytes. (More)
A monoclonal antibody (MoAb) recognizes a novel 52-Kd cell protein (MKW) that is expressed on cells of the normal myelocytic and monocytic lineage, a subset of B cells, and the U937 cell line. Using the U937 cell line as a model, the MoAb (anti-MKW) was examined for its ability to inhibit the effects of differentiation-inducing factors. In the U937 cell(More)
INTRODUCTION The clinical benefit and safety profile associated with first-line bevacizumab with doublet chemotherapy in patients with advanced non-squamous non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) was established in two large phase III studies, E4599 and AVAiL. SAiL, a single-arm phase IV study, was conducted to evaluate bevacizumab with a range of first-line(More)
Hepatosplenic gamma-delta (gammadelta) T-cell lymphoma is a rare but increasingly recognized lymphoid malignancy predominantly affecting young adult males. It is not well appreciated in the pediatric population. We report the third case of this aggressive lymphoma in a child as well as additional support for the consistency of the recently discovered(More)
581 Background: Gefitinib ('Iressa', ZD1839) has a high volume of distribution in animals and humans, with a volume of 1400 L in cancer patients. Consistent with these pharmacokinetic data, gefitinib is extensively distributed into the tissues of rats and mice, with tissue:blood ratios of >10 in a number of organs. Concentrations of gefitinib in mouse(More)