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Differences Between Tight and Loose Cultures: A 33-Nation Study
The differences across cultures in the enforcement of conformity may reflect their specific histories and advances knowledge that can foster cross-cultural understanding in a world of increasing global interdependence and has implications for modeling cultural change.
A Meta-Analysis on the Correlation Between the Implicit Association Test and Explicit Self-Report Measures
- W. Hofmann, Bertram Gawronski, Tobias Gschwendner, Huy Le, Manfred J. Schmitt
- PsychologyPersonality & social psychology bulletin
- 1 October 2005
The results suggest that implicit and explicit measures are generally related but that higher order inferences and lack of conceptual correspondence can reduce the influence of automatic associations on explicit self-reports.
Recommendations for Increasing Replicability in Psychology †
Replicability of findings is at the heart of any empirical science. The aim of this article is to move the current replicability debate in psychology towards concrete recommendations for improvement.…
Justice sensitivity : assessment and location in the personality space
Scales for justice sensitivity from three perspectives (victim, observer, perpetrator) were developed. A latent state-trait analysis revealed high reliabilities (>> .95). Trait consistencies (>> .61)…
States and traits in psychological assessment.
The Justice Sensitivity Inventory: Factorial Validity, Location in the Personality Facet Space, Demographic Pattern, and Normative Data
This article investigates the psychometric properties of a self-report inventory for measuring individual differences in four components of justice sensitivity (JS): victim sensitivity, observer…
Latent state–trait theory and research in personality and individual differences
Latent state–trait (LST) theory is a generalization of classical test theory designed to take account of the fact that psychological measurement does not take place in a situational vacuum. The basic…
Integrating Personality Structure, Personality Process, and Personality Development
In this target article, we argue that personality processes, personality structure, and personality development have to be understood and investigated in integrated ways in order to provide…
Working memory capacity and self-regulatory behavior: toward an individual differences perspective on behavior determination by automatic versus controlled processes.
- W. Hofmann, Tobias Gschwendner, Malte Friese, R. Wiers, Manfred J. Schmitt
- PsychologyJournal of personality and social psychology
The results demonstrate the importance of working memory capacity for everyday self-regulation and suggest an individual differences perspective on dual-process or dual-system theories of human behavior.
Asymmetrical Effects of Justice Sensitivity Perspectives on Prosocial and Antisocial Behavior
Three studies explore the effects of perspective-specific justice sensitivity on indicators of both prosocial behavior (i.e., existential guilt, solidarity, and responsibility ascriptions towards the…