Manfred H. Wagner

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Seeds of bean (Phaseolus vulgaris cv. Vernel) were collected throughout their development on the plant and dried at 15 degrees C and 75% relative humidity to a final moisture content of about 16% (fresh weight basis) to determine whether the onset of tolerance to this drying condition was related to changes in soluble sugars or the activities of the main(More)
Kinetics and product formation of the anti-epileptic drug carbamazepine (CBZ) were investigated in lab-scale experiments during reactions with ozone and OH radicals. Ozone reacts rapidly with the double bond in CBZ, yielding several ozonation products containing quinazoline-based functional groups. The structures for three new oxidation products were(More)
Codeine, an opium alkaloid, was transformed in aerobic batch experiments with activated sludge into several transformation products (TPs). For eight TPs, the chemical structures were unambiguously identified by a multistep approach using results from high-resolution mass spectrometry (HR-MS) and 1D and 2D nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) experiments. For an(More)
The biotransformation of the two antiviral drugs, acyclovir (ACV) and penciclovir (PCV), was investigated in contact with activated sludge. Biodegradation kinetics were determined, and transformation products (TPs) were identified using Hybrid Linear Ion Trap- FT Mass Spectrometry (LTQ Orbitrap Velos) and 1D (1H NMR, 13C NMR) and 2D (1H,1H-COSY,(More)
The oxidation of the antiviral drug acyclovir (ACV) and its main biotransformation product carboxy-acyclovir (carboxy-ACV) by ozone was investigated. Both compounds have recently been detected in surface water, and carboxy-ACV has also been detected in drinking water. The experiments revealed a strong pH dependence of the oxidation of ACV and carboxy-ACV(More)
Carbamazepine (CBZ) and oxcarbazepine (OXC) are widely used anticonvulsants that are extensively metabolized in the human body. The pharmaceuticals and their human metabolites are present in influents and effluents of wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs), in rivers and streams, and in drinking water. In this study, the biodegradation of OXC and its main(More)
Food intake may delay tablet disintegration. Current in vitro methods have little predictive potential to account for such effects. The effect of a variety of factors on the disintegration of immediate release tablets in the gastrointestinal tract has been identified. They include viscosity of the media, precipitation of food constituents on the surface of(More)
Much interest has been expressed in this work on the role of water diffusivity in the release media as a new parameter for predicting drug release. NMR was used to measure water diffusivity in different media varying in their osmolality and viscosity. Water self-diffusion coefficients in sucrose, sodium chloride, and polymeric hydroxypropyl methylcellulose(More)
The lectin Cepaea hortensis agglutinin-I (CHA-I) binds to O-glycosidically linked sialic acids with previously characterized specificity. Employing histochemistry, we demonstrate that CHA-I is a useful probe for detecting sialic acids in formalin-fixed human tissues in a specific manner. It stains the endothelium of arteries and veins in all tissues(More)
The biocides irgarol and terbutryn enter the wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) via combined sewer systems after leaching from coatings and paints of materials. In this study, the biotransformation of irgarol and terbutryn was examined in aerobic batch experiments with activated sludge taken from the nitrification zone of a conventional WWTP, since currently(More)